What types of anesthesia are there?

Excellent question. General anesthesia is being put out completely. Regional anesthesia involves anesthesia only to the area involved such as a leg or an arm. Therevare many wsys to administer this. Local anesthesia is numbing of the nerves in a specific location. Sometimes different combinations are used to get the best results.
Many kinds. General (completely out). Regional (the nerves to part of your body are blocked). Local (the surgical area is directly numbed). Monitored anesthesia care(sedation and monitoring).
Types of anesthesia . General anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, monitored anesthesia care or mac, various nerve blocks; isolating a specific area of the body, epidural injections for chronic pain management and a combination of some of the above, such as combined spinal-epidural, usually for OB but not exclusively, epidural-general for major abdominal or thoracic surgery.
Choice. Anesthesiologist has many options when choosing the type of anesthesia for the patients. General, regional, sedation or local are the major options. Choice depends on the patient's preference, co-existing medical problems, surgeon's preferences, setting, safety concerns and anesthesiologists judgement what is the best for the patient. Safety and patient's comfort are major considerations.
Three-- Local anesthesia where only the part being operated upon is anesthetized, general anesthesia where the patient is totally asleep (must be administered by an anesthesiologist or crna) or "twilight sleep" (conscious sedation) where the patient is relaxed and sedated but can respond to pain or commands from the surgeon (this is virtually always combined with local anesthesia to prevent pain.).
See below. Local anesthesia: injecting medication into a small area to numb it. Regional anesthesia: injecting medicine around a major nerve root or spine to numb an entire area of the body. General anesthesia: putting the whole body to sleep.
Several. Although there are different categories of anesthesia (general/regional/sedation), one must keep in mind that some anesthetics can easily slip into another such as deep sedation can become a general anesthetic. So it is very important to be monitored by someone well-trained and comfortable in providing these different types of anesthetics.

Related Questions

What types of anesthesia are available for labor?

Epidural. Epidural is by far the most common type of epidural and is probably most effective. There is paracervical block used, but it has been shown to affect fetal heart rate. Pudendal block only numbs the perineum, but is ineffective to help the contraction pain. Intrathecal anasthesia is similar to epidural but is used rarely when epidural cannot be placed, primarily close to delivery. Read more...
Epidural. Women can opt for no anesthesia/analgesia for labor (we've survived for thousands of years without it), IV pain medications, or an epidural. Most all women these days choose an epidural to drastically decrease labor and delivery pain. Pain is not always completely eliminated with an epidural, but often is great for rest and comfort. Iv pain medicine can be given early, but avoided late in labor. Read more...
Epidurals and IV med. Usually, labor pain is managed by the use of epidural analgesia. This involves placing a very thin catheter into the epidural space and infusing a dilute solution of local anesthesia into that catheter. This provides excellent pain relief for most of labor. At the time of delivery it may sometimes be necessary to add extra medication to the epidural catheter. Read more...
Caudal. Jsut to be complete caudal is like an epidural but rarely used now. Easy in labor patient better for delivery. I.V sedation bu thtis is has more effect onthe baby thatn an epidural. Epidural is the best pain control for the least side effects on the baby. Read more...
Several. Intrathecal, saddle block, paracervical, epidural , caudal, i.V sedation, im shots. See dr p.C. Answer intra thecal is secodn most often used as it only lasts a few hours epidurals can last as long as it takes to deliver. Read more...
Several. A labor epidural, IV medication, peripheral nerve blocks (prudendal). There is always the option of nothing. Read more...
See below. You can either have an epidural anesthetic, or IV sedation. Talk to your OB doctor about you wishes and desires before you go into labor. Read more...
Multiple. Pain relief for labor can either be achieved with intravenous drugs, or, more commonly, with local anesthetic drugs administered (sometime with narcotic analgesics), often given via a spinal injection or with an epidural pump. Local nerves can also be blocked with local anesthetic, and patients may even breath a mix of nitrous oxide and oxygen for relief. Read more...
Regional anesthesia. 1) one shot spinal anesthesia.2) combination of spinal and epidural anesthesia 3) Epidural Anesthesia 4) Patient Control Analgesia ( PCA) . Most common practice is epidural anesthesia because it very effective, can be adjusted to the level of pain of different stages of labor and can be converted to regional anesthesia for C/S if needed. Read more...

Please advise me what type of anesthesia is used for fillings?

It depends. Local anesthesia is used for many of the fillings in a healthy/cooperative patient. There are other options such as sedation and even general anesthesia for uncooperative patients. Read more...

How could anesthesia come up as cocaine in a drug test and what types of anesthesia?

Cocaine is used. as a topical anesthetic in anesthesia for example in an awake nasal intubation because it provides both analgesia and vasoconstriction and decreased bleeding in a very vascular area. Read more...
Nasal surgery. Ear, nose & throat surgeons (otolaryngologists) often use Cocaine to numb the nose before surgery. Examples: surgery for deviated septum or turbinate resection. Cocaine is used as a local anesthetic to numb the area and to constrict blood vessels in order to reduce bleeding. Read more...

What types of anesthesia drugs are used now a days for surgery? I'm 35 and had surgery when I was 17/18 years old and was wondering how much changed?

Don't look for one. but lots changed , better and safer drugs , better equipment , better monitoring systems while under and more important highly qualified staff are involved in waking you up with least ill effects of anesthesia . Read more...

What type of anesthesia is done for shoulder arthroscopy?

General or regional. Shoulder arthroscopy may be done under general anesthesia, meaning that you would be completely asleep. It can also be done with nerve block (interscalene), where local anesthesia numbs the shoulder and sedation is given to help the patient relax and doze off during the procedure. Both are safe in experienced hands, but have different risks and benefits. Discuss with your anesthesiologist. Read more...
Usually general. Usually general in my community. Houston, tx. Read more...
Combination. The usual anesthesia for this procedure is a general. This can be supplemented by a regional block to the shoulder if the procedure indicates this. Read more...