And some good. Cor art disease is virtually entirely preventable: see my book "maximum healing"/website www. Thepmc. Org. When patients ask re side effects of meds, I humorously say :"all drugs are poison and I hope I don't kill you." it is important to avoid as many drugs/surgeries as possible, but when necessary, things usually go just fine. Risks: wound infx, stroke, death, punctured lung, med reaction, kidne.
Minimally invasive. Your question is too broad to explain here. Please refer to the patient guide on minimally invasive bypass surgery: http://www. Cts. Usc. Edu/hpg-minimallyinvasivebypasssurgery. Html.
Be more specific. It's a huge topic. There are different definitions of 'minimally invasive' all over the literature. And the options differ for different diseases.
How do I go about getting a second medical opinion for my father who is waiting for heart bypass surgery?
Ask Others. You can ask your primary care doctor or your cardiologist. Board certification and renewal is something you can consider. You can call local hospitals and ask for the names of cardiac surgeons, their complication rate and the number of cases they do annually since there is some correlation between higher volumes and lower complications; you can also ask your cardiologist about these factors.
Ask for it. Your heart surgeon or cardiologist should be able to suggest another surgeon or cardiologist to give you a second opinion. If they hesitate then that would concern me. I am always happy to help my patients get a second opinion. I want them comfortable with the decision and comfortable with me as well. Obviously there can be emergencies which would make second opinions impractical.
See below. Risks include death, stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, respiratory failure, bleeding and infection. Gi or bowel or liver complications are much less frequent but can occur. The drawback is that it is a major operation that may take 2 - 3 months to fully recover from. The good news is that the overwhelming majority of patients do very well with marked improvement in quality of life afterward.
Low risk. For coronary bypass operations:the list includes dying, bleeding and reoperation, infection treated by antibiotics, stroke which is rare unless other risks. Those who need the surgery have higher risks of these items without having an indicated operation. In general the risks added together are less than 2% even in these ill persons.
Treat blockages. Usually bypass surgery is done for patients with blockages to the arteries of the heart in an attempt to stop angina and prevent heart attacks. Patients with multiple vessel blockages and decreased function will often have bypass surgery rather than stents.
Depends. Coronary blockage- bypass and generally improved prognosis are the general results risks of procedures are being reduced all the time. But patients are older and bring more intrinsic personal risks. Risks are dying, bleeding, infection, stroke, recurrence. Over all about 2%.
Commonly. Death bleeding reoperation infection failure to correct stroke those are the ones we usually spend time explaining as risk, benefit, alternative discussion to obtain consent.
It's complicated. Heart surgery is risky - there are risks of stroke, heart attack, liver failure, kidney failure, infection, bleeding, even death. However, for some patients, depending on their individual medical condition and heart blood vessel anatomy, having heart surgery is less risky than not having heart surgery. Many many studies have been devoted to trying to identify who these patients are.