Much diverse disease. By definition, cardiovascular disease implies abnormal & dysfunctional processes involving the heart itself or blood vessels including arteries & veins. These can be congenital, genetic, or acquired, the latter from lifestyle choices. Infectious or traumatic causes, even bystander injury from other primary diseases can be present. The nature & location of the process affects symptoms & outcomes.
See. Stroke. Org and heart. Org.
Atherosclerosis. Accounts for many of he adult entities congenital defects-holes, valvular, anomalies, murmurs acquired defects, valve by infection, coronary deshas. Then allen peripheral items: carotids, at ice peripheral, and venous it is a large conglomerate of items. Most by good choices: nonsmoking regular exercise diet and monitoring with pcp.
Check out. Heart. Org and stroke. Org.
Congenital heart. Diseases and while there many this is uncommon.
I was wondering what are some cardiovascular diseases (heart diseases) that affect children and adolescents?
Cardiovascular disea. The list is long. Let me know if you want to know about a specific disease.
Many. Congenital hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemias. Congenital cardiomyopathies, viral cardiomyopathy, and congenital cardiac anatomical defects to include, tetralogy, transposition, tricuspid atresia, hypoplastic heart syndromes, total anomalous pulmonary venous return, coarctation, interrupted arch, double output right and left ventricle, septal defects, coronary origin anomalies, marfan, ehrles danlos, . .
Heart Attack, Stroke. Also pad and/or atherosclerosis of all arteries. Thus cardiovascular disease is whole body, yet people have long focused on damage to a particular organ, after obvious. Atherosclerosis is known, over 7 decades, from autopsy data, to begin later childhood, age 7 typical, earlier if obese or diabetic, yet asymptomatic for decades. Arteries enlarge, not shrink. Plaque rupture & clots narrow.
Atherosclerosis. Heart disease myocardial infarction valvular regurgitation valvular stenosis pericarditis perpheral arterial or venous or lymphatic disease and obstruction pvd with claudication and so many others.
Several. Marfan ehlers danlos popliteal entrapment cystic degeneration of artery takayusu etc.
Three things. Medical treatment with medications like beta blockers, aspirin, nitroglycerins. Per cutaneous treatments with stents and finally bypass surgery.
Be specific. Medicine surgery and all elements thereof for heart, lung, blood vessel, diseases stop smoking exercize diet.
Good fats. Polyunsaturated fats are good fats.
Avoid Saturated fat. There are a wide variety of good fats including polyunsaturated fat, monounsaturated fats, and omega-3 fatty acids. The key is to limit the fats that are unhealthy - saturated fat and trans fats. The american heart association recommends limiting saturated fat to no more than 7% of total daily calories.
See below. Risk factors include family history, hypertension, smoking, diabetes and age (>45 years of age men, >55 in women), high cholesterol.
Age. Age, smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, obesity, drug use, high homocysteine, .