What can cause an infant to get necrotizing enterocolitis?

Pre mature babies. Necrotizing enterocolitis nec frequantly seen low birth weight premature babies, exact cause is not clearly known, likely due to lack of oxygen to intestine due low flow of blood, sepsis, intestinal mucosa, not fully developed or damage to it by high concentration of milk ( reasons for breast feedings).

Related Questions

Infant with rectal bleeding and vomiting. Could this be necrotizing enterocolitis?

Yes. Necrotizing enterocolitis is a disease that usually only affects prematures. Rectal bleeding and vomiting should be checked out with your physician regardless of the age of the infant as it could be something serious. Read more...
Milk protein allergy. Necrotizing enterocolitis occurs in premature babies and only rarely in full term babies (ie born 37 weeks or later). Babies with nec are sickly appearing and should be attended to immediately. If the baby is about 1 month old and you are getting vomiting and blood in the stool you should speak with your doctor about milk protein allergy (mpa). Usually the baby is not sickly appearing with mpa. Read more...
Please see answer. Necrotizing enterocolitis is a bowel disease that typically affects preterm infants, infants less than 37 weeks when born. Full term infants may be affected by this condition but it is rare and very unlikely. If the infant is full term, other diagnoses would include malrotation with volvulus. Regardless, it is important to seek prompt medical attention for this condition. Read more...

Why are premies the ones who get necrotizing enterocolitis?

Not known. There are many theories but the answer to this question is not for certain. Read more...
Immature gut. Prematures have an immature gut that is more susceptible to decreased blood flow, infection, and other associated premature problems such as sepsis, premature lung disease, etc. Research is ongoing to try to isolate different causes so that they can be recognized early or prevented if possible. Read more...
Immature immune syst. Immature immune systems in the premature babies are likely mainly responsible for this serious infection that is nec (resulting from bacterial infvasion of the bowel wall). Read more...

Could human milk fortifier cause necrotizing enterocolitis?

NEC. They really don't know the cause. This site will give you more information, as well as risk factors. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001148.htm. Read more...

Can full term babies get necrotizing enterocolitis?

Yes but rare. Very rarely a full term baby can get necrotizing enterocolitis. It usually occurs in full term babies in the first 1-3 days of life. Most often there is a predisposing reason such as birth asphyxia, respiratory distress, congenital heart disease, or metabolic abnormalities, or has a history of abnormal fetal growth pattern. There can also be maternal issues that predispose a full term baby to nec. Read more...

Do full term babies ever get necrotizing enterocolitis?

Rarely. Necrotizing enterocolitis usually happens because the bowel was deprived oxygen. Most term newborns don't have problems but those that have respiratory problems and infection or other issues which can decrease the oxygenation to the bowel can ge nec. Read more...

Can raising a premature baby's feeding from 19cc to 30 cc play a part in the baby getiting necrotizing enterocolitis?

Unlikely. Nec (necrotizing enterocolitis) affects mainly prematurely born infants who sustained hypoxic insult. Early introduction of oral feeding seems precipitate the development of nec, not the increase of oral intake. Read more...

Is there any way to predict or prevent the symptoms of necrotizing enterocolitis?

No. Research is ongoing to try to find ways to predict or prevent nec. This includes things like early "trophic" feedings (small feedings even in the first few hours of life), "prebiotics" and probiotics, as well as breast milk and donor breast milk feedings. There is no single way that is known to predict or prevent nec in a high risk infant. Read more...
No! There is unfortunately no way to predict who or when a baby gets necrotizing colitis. The more premature a baby is the higher the likelihood of nec. But there a long list of other reasons that can predispose a child to have nec. Read more...

Please tell me what is necrotizing enterocolitis?

Colon infection. In certain instances,following some antibiotics,the resident or good bacteria in colon is also, wiped out,the bad bacteria causes a serious colon infection,starts of off with severe diarrhea,the lining of colon begins to slough off,a life threatening condition,treatment is to be early,and aggressive . Read more...