What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Resp. distress syndr. Its caused by deficiency of surfactant that lines the airways&lung immaturity. From baby being premature vs genetic protein def. Varies in severity form baby to baby & some may require ventilatory support. Depends on gestational age from about 50% in babies born at 26–28 weeks, to about 25% at 30–31 weeks. Is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers & in the second born of premature twins.

Related Questions

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung. Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Read more...

Delivery by cesarean section is one of the predisposing factors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, why? And how?

??RDS?? I would agree more cs babies have respiratory pbs than regular delivery but the issue is ttn ( transient tachypnea of the newborn) not rds.A trip down the birth canal helps squeeze some of the lung fluid out before birth, which does not happen for cs. About 10% of cs will have to work hard to clear that fluid & may require o2 & special care in the process.It usually clears in < 48hr. Read more...

Does respiratory distress syndrome only occur in premature babies or can it happen in older children too?

No. Respiratory distress syndrome (rds) is a term used to describe a specific clinical and radiographic presentation in newborn preterm infants. We now know that rds is due to surfactant deficiency in these infants. While infants and children may develop respiratory distress, the term rds is meant to apply strictly to this newborn condition. Read more...
Common in prematures. It is more common in premature babies due to deficiency of a chemical called surfactant . It may be seen in term babies as complication of other medical condition . Read more...
NB of any gestation. While this is most common in premi newborns it is occasionally seen in full term or post term infants. Infants of diabetic mothers for some reason are more prone to this rare event. Features & treatment is the same. Read more...

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS. We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress.Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant. Read more...

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS. We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress.Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant. Read more...

Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

RDS. Is due to immaturity of the lungs at birth. The lungs produce a product called surfactant as they mature, prior to completion of the pregnancy term. When a baby is pre-term, then there may be a lack of adequate surfactant. This is called respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant helps the lungs to inflate properly so they can exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. It usually improves in days. Read more...

General concerns and questions about newborn with respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care?

Prematurity. Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. Read more...

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome are the same thing?

Degree of injury. Bpd is likely to occur in infants whose rds was prolonged and whose airway pressures for ventilation were high enough to produce the level of airway injury seen with bpd. The human system has a great capacity to repair itself over time & the bpd kid is the one whose lungs may show abnormalities for several years while the transient rds kid's lung is essentially normal by age 1. Read more...