What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung. Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome.

Related Questions

What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Resp. distress syndr. Its caused by deficiency of surfactant that lines the airways&lung immaturity. From baby being premature vs genetic protein def. Varies in severity form baby to baby & some may require ventilatory support. Depends on gestational age from about 50% in babies born at 26–28 weeks, to about 25% at 30–31 weeks. Is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers & in the second born of premature twins. Read more...

Delivery by cesarean section is one of the predisposing factors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, why? And how?

??RDS?? I would agree more cs babies have respiratory pbs than regular delivery but the issue is ttn ( transient tachypnea of the newborn) not rds.A trip down the birth canal helps squeeze some of the lung fluid out before birth, which does not happen for cs. About 10% of cs will have to work hard to clear that fluid & may require o2 & special care in the process.It usually clears in < 48hr. Read more...

General concerns and questions about newborn with respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care?

Prematurity. Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. Read more...

What are the tests for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Not many. ARDS is a clinical disease; usually, chest xrays are usually suggestive. Ct scans of the chest are better. Sometimes, lung biopsies done by a lung surgeon are necessary to get at the diagnosis. There is no real blood test for the test. If you think you have ards, you should definitely seek immediate medical attention. Read more...

What are the tests for respiratory distress syndrome in child?

Hx, Px,X ray. Rds is expected in premature infants or infants of diabetic mothers & emerges as increased work of breathing, need for oxygen & suggestive changes on xrays. There is some overlap of neonatal pneumonia, blood poisoning & rds symptoms & xrays so most are treated aggressively for all. Older kids can have a similar problem & the label is used when the pattern, xrays and o2 needs fit the pattern. Read more...

What is adult respiratory distress syndrome and is it fatal?

See below. A reaction of the body against its own lung tissue in response to a variety of insults, such as infection, sepsis, pancreatitis, severe trauma, burns, severe allergy etc etc. It can be fatal if not treated. With appropriate treatment, more than half of the patients survive, most regain normal or near normal lung function. Read more...