What is meningococcal disease?

Bacterial meningitis. The bacterium that causes the most severe and contagious form of meningtis is round, and the word "coccus" is used to describe round (or spherical) bacteria. The word"meningococcus" is a nickname for the bacterium, but the proper scientific name is neisseria meningitidis.

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What's some info about meningococcal disease?

Meningococcaldisease. Caused by bacteria, n. Meningitidis which causes meningitis and severe infection. Is often sudden in onset, rapidly progressive and potentially causes death. Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, bloody skin rash, low blood pressure. Survivors often suffer from neurologic problems, limb loss, and hearing loss. Transmission is by direct contact. Prevented by vaccination. Affects all children.

What are the signs of meningococcal disease?

Meningococal disease. The signs may very from feffver, rashes, irritability, heaadache, listlesnesss, lethargy, cold symptoms. Never try to daignose this at home thoguh. Seek medcial advise right away if you suspect this. Teh infection spread and profgresses very rapidly and the best outcomes are wehn treatment begins early on.

What are the tests for meningococcal disease?

Many. Blood, spinal fluid, urine, skin tests. See: http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002325/.

What are the symptoms of meningococcal disease?

Sick fast. Fever (high), headache, muscle pain, anxiety, lethargy, shock, loss of consciousness, and the "rash." petechia (small round blood spots) and purpura (large irregular purple splotches). The inclosed picture is an end stage of the rash. Death occurs frequently with meningiococcal disease. If you are suspicious that you have this problem, seek medical care immediately.

What is the treatment for meningococcal disease?

Intensive care. Intensive care hospitalization, IV antibiotics, IV fluids, transfusions, respiratory and vascular support. Many prayers. See: http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002325/.

Can meningococcal disease be cured?

Yes. Yes, with the right antibiotics, unsually ampicillin.
Yes. Early diagnosis & treatment with antibiotics can cure Meningococcal disease within 5 days in some cases but often takes longer. Delay in diagnosis & treatment will increase risks of complications. In some patients the disease can move so rapidly that patients expire within hours in spite of all efforts.

How can you get meningococcal disease?

Person to person. Meningococcal disease is spread from one person to another by throat or respiratory secretions (eg, coughing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils). The bacteria can't live outside the body for more than a few minutes, so they don't get spread by being left on objects such as door handles or faucets.
Exposure. When a set up can be identified it coems from close exposure to soembody else with the same disease.

How does meningococcal disease spread?

Very. Meningococcal meningitis is usually transmitted by airborne droplets. Isolation with masks, gloves and gowns are required for contact with infected patients.
Meningococcal diseas. The disease is spread person-to-person through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions- Meningococcal bacteria can't live for more than a few minutes outside the body, so the disease is not spread as easily as the common cold or influenza.