Are there alternatives to total parenteral nutrition or tpn?

Intestine failure. Tpn is the primary therapy for intestinal failure - a condition that exists when your intestine cannot provide enough nutrition and fluid to support life. You may be malnourished or dehydrated and require TPN for a short time. However, in certain situations, TPN can be required long term and may be permanent. In those instances, you may consider intestine transplantation.
PPN/ oral diet. Peripheral parental nutrition is less concentrated formula given thro peripheral venous line. The best nutrition is by mouth to prevent complications of tpn.

Related Questions

Is there alternative to total parenteral nutrition?

Probably not. Total parental nutrition (TPN) is typically used when a patient has not other means of getting nutrition except through an iv. (for example their GI system is not working and can not absorb nutrients). Check with your doctor to see if there are any viable alternatives to this method of "feeding". But i suspect that if they have recommended this, they have no other good alternatives. Read more...
Best is oral. Always it better with enteral feeding. If it cannot be done than other options are nasogastric feeding, peg or jejunostomy feeding etc. All of these have their limitations and specific indications. Read more...
Yes. If your intestinal tract is working, you should try to use it. If there is a reason that your intestinal tract is not working then Total parenteral nutrition into the veins is necessary to provide, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates in the form of dextrose. Read more...

Who needs to have total parenteral nutrition (tpn)?

Bowel rest. If swallowing is an issue, we can give food via peg tube thru skin directly into stomach. But some patients need bowel rest so we give total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through veins so nothing is in stomach/intestine. These are major veins, not tiny ones on back of hand, usually via picc (peripherally inserted central catheter) line since it's expected that you'll need TPN for a long time. Read more...
Intestine failure. Tpn is the primary therapy for intestinal failure - a condition that exists when your intestine cannot provide enough nutrition and fluid to support life. You may be malnourished or dehydrated and require TPN for a short time. However, in certain situations, TPN can be required long term and may be permanent. In those instances, you may consider intestine transplantation. Read more...

What are the side effects of total parenteral nutrition tpn?

See below. Besides blood steam infections metabolic derangements including hyperglycemia, serum electrolyte alterations, macro- or micro-nutrient excess or deficiency, refeeding syndrome wernicke's encephalopathy and hepatic dysfunction may occur and need close monitoring. Read more...
Short and long term. There are both short and long term complications of tpn. Short term complications include infections, and imbalance of electrolytes, fluid status and blood glucose levels. Long term TPN can result in loss of IV access and also liver injury and cirrhosis. If you remain on TPN for more than 2-3 months, you should be evaluated at an intestine failure center which may consider intestine transplant. Read more...

Will total parenteral nutrition heal me?

Difficult to answer. What is the ailment? Tpn is usually a temporary treatment to tide a person over till s/he can recover from a GI illness. Read more...
Heal what. heal you of what? Total parenteral nutrition provides the number of calories, protein, fat and minerals for a healthy life. Will it heal you of cancer- Not for me to say. Please try to be more specific in what it is that you want to heal and what circumstances you are on the TPN for. Best of health. Read more...

How do you use total parenteral nutrition?

Intestinal problem. Tpn is nutrition given via an iv. It is quite tricky, and only used in cases where the intestinal tract is very, very impaired. Read more...
In the veins. Total parenteral nutrition is provided in the veins as protein, sugar and fats to support life when the intestinal tract is not able to absorb its nutrition. Read more...

What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

Everything. its is protein, carbohydrates and fat. It has electrolytes and trace minerals and vitamins. Everything you need to survive is in it. The protein is usually in the form of amino acids, the carbohydrates is a dextrose solution. People on TPN need to be monitored for their electrolytes. It provides the amount of calories a person needs for repair, growth, directlyinto the bloodstream. Read more...

When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

Necessary... Total parenteral nutrition, tpn, is needed when the gut is not functional for any reason. There are many scenarios when it becomes necessary including post-op from a surgery on the intestines, massive trauma, infections causing massive vommiting, hyperemesis of pregnancy, etc. Read more...
No use GUT. when you are unable to absorb your food from your intestinal tract, then tpn is necessary. Examples might include after intestinal surgery of a large part of the small intestines. During cancer chemotherapy, the chemotherapy causes such severe damage to the intestinal tract, TPN might be indicated for ongoing nutritional support. Read more...

What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

Lots of issues. What's your underlying disease state/condition that requires that you get your nutrition from alternate means. How many calories do you need? How much protein, fat, carbs, etc? Any other nutritional deficiencies? Do you need to lose, maintain or gain weight? Fluid status? Lots of issues to consider. Make sure a nutritionist is involved. Read more...