What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

Fontan Procedure. The fontan is a surgery that connects the inferior venacava (ivc) to the pulmonary arteries. The fontan is the final surgery for patients who have a single ventricle or single ventricle physiology. This means that the blue blood, desaturated blood retruning to the heart is directed to the lungs without being pumped through the heart.

Related Questions

When is surgery needed for? Congenital heart defects?

For poor oxygen flow. When the nature of the defect is such that oxygen-poor blood goes to the carotids and/or coronaries, then corrective surgery must be utilized to modify the condition into one compatible with long-term survival.

Need ped cardiology help finding out the statistics of congenital heart defects & follow up surgery?

Yes. Pediatric cardiologists are specially trained in congenital heart disease and are a wealth of information on such matters.
Be specific. You question would have to be answered by copying a 1000+ pages textbook. What is it you want to know?

What athe most common congenital heart defects?

VSDs. Ventricular septal defects are by far the most common congenital cardiac defects.
ASD and VSD. Atrial and ventricular septal defects are generally considered the most common forms of congenital heart disease. There are some differences based on geographic location, sex, and race as well, but ASDs and VSDs are generally most common among all human beings.

I think my child may have congenital heart defects. What would that mean?

A number of things. The prognosis for children with congenital heart defects really depends on the exact nature of the defect. Some are easily correctable by surgery, some don't need surgery at all and others need a series of more complicated surgeries. In any case keeping in close contact with your pediatrician and cardiologist is very important. Good nutrition will help your child heal well.
Depends. Congenital heart disease covers a wide range from life-threatening to benign. Start with your pediatrician, who can refer you to a pediatric cardiologist, who can make the right diagnosis, and advise you about prognosis and treatment.

Can people with? Congenital heart defects? Get tattoos?

Depends on condition. The healing process after a tattoo may be a bit long & complicated if you have a complex chd with a low baseliine oxygen saturation (<92%). If your chd has been repaired or fixed well enough that you have a normal baselone o2, >94%, I don't see any problems.

My mind is racing. What does it mean if a boy has congenital heart defects?

Depends.... ..On what the disease is. Some are devastating, some are surgically correctable, and some get better without treatment and have no effect on longevity or health.
Depends. Congenital heart disease covers a wide range from life-threatening to benign. Start with your pediatrician, who can refer you to a pediatric cardiologist, who can make the right diagnosis, and advise you about prognosis and treatment.

What is the best? Treatment for congenital heart defects or "holes in heart"?

Depends on where. Holes in the heart are defects in the walls separating the upper chambers or lower chambers. Some will close on their own, some will stay open but are not associated with pathology and some need surgical correction.
Best treatment is. Tailored to the individual, therefore you have to know the details like location, size and other factors to decide which type of catheter intervention or surgery should be done.

Can there be a bright future for children born with heart defects such as congenital heart disease?

Yes. Treatment options exist for almost every congenital heart defect, particularly if the child is otherwise healthy. Milder forms will require no special care. More severe forms will require surgical repair, or even multiple surgeries. Even children born with only two out of four cardiac chambers have a increasingly favorable likelihood of growing to adulthood.

Can you explain which congenital heart defects produce mixing of oxygenated and unoxygenated blood and which ones increase ven?

It's complicated. The right side of the heart pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs; the left side pumps oxygenated blood to the body. Certain heart defects are characterized by holes between the left and right sides of the heart or between the lung arteries and the body's artery, allowing deoxygenated blood to flow from r-&gt;l (causing cyanosis) or oxygenated blood to flow from l-&gt;r (causing heart failure).