Watches young eyes. Pediatric ophthalmologists typically treat medical and surgical diseases of the eye in patients less than 18 years of age. Many times they will do strabismus surgery to correct crooked eyes or treat a "lazy" eye.
Examine the eyes. Pediatric eye doctors do a variety of things. For a child who can not read or identify shapes the pediatric eye doctor can examine their eyes to tell if there is vision issues. Apartfr that they diagnose a variety of disease by looking at the back of the eye and they can help treat a lot of the eye related diseases like cataracts, infections etc.