Can extreme straining or vomiting cause vitreous hemorrhage of eye and floaters?

Yes. It sounds as if you have had a posterior vitreous detachment. This is a situation where the vitreous(jelly) of the eye detaches (not a retinal detachment), it then "crumples" up leaving dots, spots, strands of blurry vitreous; i.e. The "floater". This also can tear blood vessel. You should have an exam to ensure the incident did not tear the retina, which could lead to a retinal detachment.
Yes. Yes vitreous hemorrhage can be caused by excessive straining. This is not common but is possible.

Related Questions

Could extreme vomiting cause vitreous hemorrhage of eye and black floaters?

Possibly. Vomiting increases the venous pressure in the head and eyes as well. If there is some weakness of the vessels, they can break open and leak blood. When the blood disperses in the vitreous, it can cause the sensation of floaters. Since these symptoms cross over with retinal detachment, this should be evaluated by a retinal specialist. Read more...

Found out I have vitreous hemorrhage behind eye I need help with this! Please what do I do?

Retina doctor. Vitreous separation causes a vitreous hemorrhage as the traction causes retinal tears-causing vitreous floaters, and floaters and hazy vision. Vitreous hemorrhage can also result from abnormal growth of blood vessels from the retina into the vitreous gel from diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusions and other diseases that cause abnormal blood vessels to grow. You need a retinal specialist. Read more...
Vitreous hemorrhage. Or blood within the eyeball can be caused by diferrent things. In a diabetic it may be due to the growth of new blood vessels while in a high myope it could be due to a tear of the retina. Either way, it requires a good retinal exam and follow up. The key warning signs that the retina could be in trouble are vision loss or change, flashes or photopsias, and floaters or translucent opacity. Read more...
Get checked. Vit Heme can be caused by a retinal tear, diabetes or other vascular disease, mass process, or trauma among other causes. A retinal specialist can determine with Ultrasound if anything needs to be done urgently. If no significant findings are seen, cautious observation for spontaneous clearing is likely with serial evaluations. Keeping head elevated and avoiding vigorous activity also helps. Read more...

Vitreous hemorrhage behind eye I need help finding info with this site?

Retina Specialist! Look at www.Asrs.Org to find one close to you geographically. There are many causes: vitreous detachment, retinal tear, retinal detachment, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vascular occlusion, macular degeneration, trauma, uveitis, etc. You must see a retina specialist asap. Read more...
Eyewiki. You can find online info from these eye sites: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmed/9265701 http://eyewiki.Aao.Org/vitreous_hemorrhage. Read more...