Can problems with your vision and retinal disorders cause depression?

Yes. Yes, visual problems are linked to depression particularly if they are chronic. However depression is common and should be evaluated by a doctor on its own merits.
Vision &depression. Possible, due to low esteem from self image issues, or could relate to medications taken for vision defects .
Definitely. Any life stressor, including medical illness or vision problems, can cause anxiety and/or depression. Discuss these mental health issues with your doctors.