What is adrenal insufficiency?

Low adrenal function. The adrenal glands make a number of different hormones, most importantly cortisol. When a person's adrenals cannot make normal amounts of cortisol, they are diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency, or failure. This can be due to a problem in the adrenals (infection, tumor, bleeding, auto-immune destruction) or in the pituitary or parts of the brain that control the adrenals.
Adrenal insufficienc. Adrenal insufficiency occurs when there is not enough cortisol produced by the adrenal glands. This can occur either from damage to the adrenal glands or the pituitary gland in the brain. Symptoms include weakness, tiredness, dizziness, low blood pressure, cardiovascular collapse, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea among other things.

Related Questions

What causes adrenal insufficiency?

Multiple causes. Infections of the gland by bacteria, including meningococcus and tb, metastatic tumors and primary tumors of adrenals, metabolic disorders, e.g., congenital adrenal hyperplasia, lack of pituitary stimulation, amyloid infiltration and sudden stoppage of steroid treatment etc. Read more...

What is acute adrenal insufficiency?

Low cortisol . It generally means acute (recent) drop in adrenal gland hormonal production namely cortisol, a very important and life sustaining steroid. There are many reason why some one can develop ai. Autoimmune, infection, acute illness and trauma are a few examples. Need to discuss with an endocrinologist if there is need for hormonal replacement. Read more...
Adrenal crisis. An adrenal crisis or acute adrenal insufficiency is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when there is not enough cortisol produced by the adrenal glands. This can occur either from damage to the adrenal glands or the pituitary gland in the brain. The result can be weakness, hypotension, hypoglycemia, cardiovascular collapse, etc and can be fatal. Read more...

What exactly is adrenal insufficiency?

See below. http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/addison/addison.aspx Pease visit the web address given above as the issue is too complicated to answer in 400 characters. Read more...

What exactly is adrenal insufficiency?

Adrenal cortex loss. Hi. Adrenal deficiency refers to Addison's disease, primary adrenal cortical failure, where the body is deficient in two vital adrenal cortical steroid hormones, cortisol and aldosterone. Central/pituitary adrenal insufficiency is deficient only in cortisol (not aldosterone). Cortisol is a vital "stress" hormone, and is necessary for life in the long run and the acute physiologic stress setting. Read more...

Without knowing what caused my adrenal insufficiency plus autoimmune thyroiditis, low-t, low vit. D, etc, is the adrenal problems likely to reoccur?

Gland problems. If you have insufficiency of adrenals, thyroid, and gonads, you may have one of the autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes. The glandular failures, when they occur in this relatively rare disorder, are usually permanent. But you need to be under the care of an endocrinologist, who is best equipped to diagnose and treat this. Read more...

What are the tests for adrenal insufficiency?

Primary vs secondary. The fault may lie in the pituitary which may produce too little acth. The adrenal responds normally to acth stimulation. If the gland is defective, there is impaired response to acth. In both there are low levels of corticosteroids in blood and urine, and similar electrolyte disturbances, e.G, high potassium. Read more...