What is pneumothorax?

Air around the lung. There is normally no air in the thin space between the rib cage and the lungs. Normally the negative pressure inside the ribcage keeps the lung inflated with the lung gliding against the cage. The lungs expand as the rib cage moves. If there is a hole in the lung or if there is a stab from the outside to inside of the rib cage, the pressure rises and the lung collapses - a pneumothorax.
Air in wrong place. Pneumothorax is an accumulation of air outside your lung but inside your chest. It is commonly described as a "collapsed lung" because the air in this space displaces your lung and prevents complete expansion of your lung.

Related Questions

What is pneumothorax and it`s causes?

Air. It's due to air entering the space between your lung and chest wall. They can be the result of trauma or can occur spontaneously. Read more...
Several causes. Pneumothorax is air in the pleural cavity and corresponding partial or full collapse of the lung. The causes of pneumothorax a re several and include: trauma when there is a puncture of the lung (usually from a broken rib), but also spontaneously if there is a lung "bleb". This is quickly diagnosed by cxr, occasionally chest ct is needed if small. Read more...
Collapsed Lung. Pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into the space between your lungs and chest wall.This air pushes on the outside of your lung and makes it collapse.A pneumothorax can be caused by a blunt or penetrating chest injury, certain medical procedures involving your lungs, or damage from underlying lung disease. Or it may occur for no obvious reason. Symptoms: a rapid heart beat, sudden chest pain, sob. Read more...
Collapsed lung. A pneumothorax is a air around the lung causing it to collapse. It can be due to trauma - stab wound or gun shot wound. Broken ribs can puncture the lung. Sometimes it can occur spontaneously. Due to the injury, air leaks out of the lung and cusses it to collapse. It leads to shortness of breath. It requires chest tube to release the air and reexpand the lung. Read more...
Air in pleural space. Pneumothorax happens when air collects in the space around the lungs - between the lungs and the chest wall. The air usually comes from a hole in the airways or lungs, although a hole in the esophagus can do it too (rarely). . Read more...

What is pneumothorax? What causes it?

Collapsed lung. Potentially life threatening disease! Many reasons. Check with your lung specialist and discuss the need of a CT scan of the chest and lungs. Good luck. Read more...
Pneumothorax. A pneumothorax is air that is trapped between a lung and the chest wall. The air gets there either from the lungs or from outside the body. http://patient.info/health/pneumothorax-leaflet. Read more...
Trapped air. A pneumothorax is air that is trapped next to a lung. Most cases occur 'out of the blue' in healthy young men. Some develop as a complication from a chest injury or a lung disease. The common symptom is a sudden sharp chest pain followed by pains when you breathe in. Read more...

What's catamenial pneumothorax?

Occurs with cycle. These pneumothoracis occur in relation to the monthly menstrual cycle. They appear to be related to abnormal (ectopic) endometrial tissue in the lung, in essence endometriosis of the lung. The tissue is hormonally responsive and "slough" with cycle, leaving small hole in lung tissue. This leads to an "air leak" forming a pneumothorax. Read more...

What causes pneumothorax (collapsed lung) and what are the symptoms?

Multiple causes. Common causes include chest trauma (like a car accident or a puncture wound to the chest) or medical procedures (like intubation). It can also occur as a complication of lung disease such as emphysema, pneumonia or cancer, or it can happen spontaneously. Typical symptoms include sudden onset of shortness of breath and sharp chest pain made worse by inspiration. Read more...
Blebs. Pneumothorax occur in thin tall males and seem to be related to blebs i the lung apex. They can be seen on ct scan. Strenuous lifting causes them to pop and a sudden pain on the chest occurs. Treatment ranges from placement of a chest tube to surgery for bleb removal and mechanical pleurodesis. Hope this information helps. Read more...
Hole in lung. Non-trauma, spontaneous pneumothorax occur as a result of an abnormality in the lung tissue. Risk factors for primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (sp) include: smoking (including marijuana), tall thin stature in otherwise healthy, connective tissue disorders, pregnancy, familial history. Sps are associated with 20-40% recurrence rate (depending type). Read more...

What are tests for pneumothorax?

Cxr. Symptoms may include chest and shoulder discomfort along with shortness of breath. Exam may demonstrate dimished breath sounds on the side of collapse. Diagnosis is usually made on chest xray. Occasionally, a very small pneumo is picked up on ct. Read more...
Examination. The first line of diagnosis for large pneumothorax is a good history and physical examination (stethoscope). Most smaller pneumothoraces can be diagnosed with good 2 view chest x-ray series. Occasionally, a ct-scan may be necessary. Read more...

Can you tell me for what cause of tension pneumothorax should a nurse check?

Many causes. If the pneumothorax creates a lot of pressure/air buildup in the chest, it can compress the veins draining into the heart and cause the heart to stop beating. This is called Tension Pneumothorax, and it is a medical emergency. If not promptly treated, it can cause death. As far as causes, it can be out of nowhere (called spontaneous), or as a complication of a procedure like a central line. Read more...

Help docs! I'm trying to find out what causes a spontaneous pneumothorax?

Pneumothorax. The most common cause are rupture of blebs or bullae, lymphangioleiomyomatosis as in catamenial pneumothorax, with some predisposing factors such as severe exertion and air trapping as in asthma can all cause non traumatic or spontaneous pneumothoraces. Read more...
Bleb. The usual cause is a weakness on the surface of the lung called a bleb, or ballooning of the wall. This is a weak stop, which can rupture when subjected to sudden high pressure. Blebs are common, and are rarely symptomatic. Treatment can be conservative, aspiration, tube drainage, or surgery. Read more...

What happens that causes pneumothorax to cause heart to stop?

Blood flow. All blood from the right side of the heart go to the lungs, oxygenate then go to the left side of the heart to be pumped to the rest of the body. In pneumothorax, the collapsed lung has high pressure due to collapsed arteries and put too much strain on the right side of the heart to overcome, less oxygenation, and the heart may not be able to do it and it stops pumping. Read more...

What do you recommend for pneumothorax?

Go to emergency. Pneumothorax occurs when air enters the space outside of the lung and the chest wall. It is due to a hole in the lining and causes the lung to collapse with dangerous lack of breathing. Some are spontaneous, others due to lung disease - occasionally severe. This needs immediate treatment. Read more...
Depends. If small, just observation .. If large and symptoms (shortness of breath or pain), may need catheter or tube to evacuate pneumothorax and reinflate the lung ... Read more...