What are the effects of autoimmune diseases on pregnancy?

Manifold. Sle (lupus) and apls (antiphospholipid antibody syndrome) can cause fetal wastage, preterm birth and preeclampsia. Grave's disease of the thyroid can cause preterm birth and growth restriction or fetal goiter. Pernicious anemia and inflammatory bowel disease can lead to preterm birth and poor fetal growth. Sjoegren's disease can lead to fetal heart block (bradycardia) and hydrops.

Related Questions

Pregnancy problems in autoimmune diseases?

There are. People with autoimmune disease can get better with pregnancy - this is seen especially with rheumatoid arthritis most of the time. Lupus can also improve or get worse, but it depends on the involvement of the lupus and what organ sites are involved. We are cautious with our pregnant patients, follow them along with high risk OB specialists and monitor their organ involvement.

Symptoms of autoimmune disease in pregnancy?

Many. There are many autoimmune diseases. Some effect the skin, some the joints, some the kidneys, etc. If you are having specific symptoms, you need to talk to your doctor about them to get a specific answer.

I want to have a baby. Could having an autoimmune disease affect pregnancy?

Yes. Autoimmune disorders are more common than you would think among women. Depending on the disease, severity and the treatment of such diseases, it can affect fertility and normal pregnancies. Talk to your doctor about specific autoimmune diseases before conceiving, if possible. Be reassured that most of the time, pregnancies proceed normally for women with such diseases.
Yes, but probably no. You should be screened for anticardiolipin antibodies, especially if you have had a prior miscarriage. Also, hypothyroidism, usually caused by autoimmune thyroiditis, is a common problem, because the increased estrogen made increases thyroid binding globulin and increases your thyroid need. Have you doctor frequently check a free T3 (liothyronine) and TSH during pregnancy, if you take thyroid medication!

What are autoimmune diseases that causes blood clots in pregnancy?

SLE, APLS. Systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome may cause unheralded blood clots during pregnancy. Both of these can lead to fetal wastage, pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction and stillbirth.

Is there evidence that pregnancy causes the mother to develop a flare in an autoimmune disease?

Flares. There is evidence that pregnancy causes flares of autoimmune diseases after the pregnancy is over. Flares can occur after a spontaneous miscarriage, an elective abortion, or delivery.