What illnesses can be cured using stem cell transplants?

Many. The main lethal disease treated with stem cell transplants are hematologic malignancies such as leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Bone marrow failure (aplastic anemia) is also treated with stem cell transplants. Some life-threatening genetic disease can also be treated with a transplant.
Stem cell. Leukemia, lymphoma. We have been using limbal stem cell transplants in eye surgery for years with excellent results. See eyedoc2020@blogspot.com. Stem cell injections are now being used to treat painful joints (shoulders, hips, etc), Alzheimers, ALS, Lyme, Cerebral Palsy, etc. Still there are not great published studies proving its benefit in many of these conditions, though.

Related Questions

How can stem cell transplants actually cure leukemia?

It is one of the bes. Stem cell transplants do indeed cure some leukemias. The procedure requires total body radiation, high dose chemotherapy to kill all blood cells(including leukemia cells) and then we use stem cells to regenerate the normal bone marrow in order to form new healthy blood cells. Read more...

What is the mechanism by which stem cell transplants actually cure leukemia?

Two mechanisms. The stem cell rescue allows a higher dose of chemotherapy to be delivered safely (leads to timely blood count recovery). This is true in both self and donor transplants. In the case of a donor, the new immune system can lead to an immunologic attack on any leukemic cells which survive the high dose chemo +/- radiation. Read more...
Graft vs leukemia. A stem cell transplant (SCT) is often given after high doses of chemotherapy, which by itself is very effective against leukemia. But that's not the whole story. Typically, SCT for leukemia are donated by another person (allogeneic). Minor antigenic differences between donor and patient will cause immune cells in the graft to react against against the tumor (graft vs tumor effect). Read more...

Can stem cell transplants cure multiple myeloma?

Rarely. If it is an allogeneic or unrelated stem cell tranplant, there is a small chance. Read more...
Depends. It depends on which type, autologous stem cell which is your own stem cell can control it for lomg time but cure is not common, (, if you respond to it) but if it is allogeneic stem cells which is from somebody else, you , may have small chance for cure. But compications are very high. Read more...
Remission. Multiple myeloma is treated classically with chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. Both modalities can put the disease on remission and prolong life substantially. I personally do not offer allogeneic stem cell transplant for multiple myeloma unless on clinical trial or under very stringent circumstances. Multiple myeloma remains an incurable but very treatable disease. Read more...

How do stem cell transplants actually cure leukemia cancers?

They don't! Very high dose alkylating agent chemotherapy is used to kill the leukemia, and the autologpus (self) or allogeneic (antigen matched donor) stem cell or marrow elements rescue the marrow ablation caused by the chemotherapy. The high dose chemotherapy remains limited by other organ toxicities, and is not always sufficient to destroy the leukemia. Read more...
Chemo and more. There are two types of transplants but the most common type used for leukemia is called allogeneic where the stem cells come from a donor. As part of the transplant the patient gets chemotherapy, sometimes in very high doses which treats the leukemia. The new immune system from the donor can also attack the leukemia cells and lead to a cure. This is called the graft-versus-leukemia effect. Read more...

Are stem cell transplants safe?

Yes...so far. While current data does not indicate use of adult stem cells, more appropriately called progenitor cells, is dangerous, it is also true that there has been insufficient time to evaluate long term risks. Embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells have risk of inducing cancers including teratomas. Read more...
Hematopoietic... Yes. We use hematopoietic stem or progenitors cells routinely in practice for treatment of hematologic malignancies as autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Their use in this particular domain is safe. Read more...
Stem cells safety. Stem cell safety depends on what kind and where it is being used. Embryonic stem cells have been found to be too costly and risky for causing cancers compared to adult stem cells. Bone marrow Stem cell transplants have been used for years for cancers and is safe. see Eyedoc2020.blogspot.com for more info and safety info. . Read more...

How risky are stem cell transplants?

Unproven, and . . . Risky (results, and safety). Though stem cells are now available, and fat grafting to the breast is possible and controversial (results no bigger than 1 cup size, some dead fat causes calcifications and can interfere with cancer detection or mimic cancer on mammogram), this is far from mainstream. See abps-certified plastic surgeon and get implants! please! Read more...
Stem Cells. Stem cell injections are now being used to treat painful joints (shoulders, hips, etc), Alzheimers, ALS, Lyme, Cerebral Palsy, etc. Still there are not great published studies proving its benefit in many of these conditions. We have been using limbal stem cell transplants in eye surgery for years with excellent results. See eyedoc2020@blogspot.com: depends on where the stem cell is from & for. Read more...

Do they do stem cell transplants in the us now?

Yes. There is a variety of stem cell therapies done in the U.S. They include stem cells harvested from your own blood, bone marrow, and fat cells. There are also stem cells from bone marrow and afterbirth donors. These are used to provide therapies for arthritis and tendonitis. Embryonic stem cell therapies are not allowed in the U.S. Read more...
Stem Cells. Yes. Stem Cell procedures, aka Mesenchymal stem cells are being done in the United States. The procedure is safe and possibly effective for certain conditions. The stem cells are harvested from your bone marrow or fat. They are then concentrated and injected into the area of concern. It is investigational and not covered by insurance. I wrote a blog article on this at www.MyOrthoDoc.com/blog. Read more...

What is the definition or description of: stem cell transplants?

Inusion of periphera. Blood or bone marrow to replace/restore blood cell production in serious blood diseases. It also results in in the establishment of the donor immune system in the recipient of the transplant. Read more...

Why do people need to be concious for stem cell transplants when it is so painful?

Real surgeons have. Anesthesia available, so if this is "mandated" as local anesthesia only, this may be a non-surgeon doing these controversial and unproven fat graft sessions in an office exam room or procedure room (since s/he may not have credentials at a surgical facility with anesthesia capabilities.) beware! Read more...