19 doctors weighed in:
What is hammer toe?
19 doctors weighed in

Dr. Ellen Wenzel
Podiatry
8 doctors agree
In brief: Hammertoe
Hammertoes are contractures of the toes.
See the image above for a good diagram.

In brief: Hammertoe
Hammertoes are contractures of the toes.
See the image above for a good diagram.
Dr. Ellen Wenzel
Dr. Ellen Wenzel
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Dr. Libby Putnam
Podiatry
5 doctors agree
In brief: Bent toe.
People can get hammertoes several different ways, including just an unlucky roll of the genetic dice, but the fundamental result is usually the same: a toe that has drawn back and no longer sits straight or "flat".
Sometimes it's only a tendon that holds the toe in that position, other times there's arthritis involved: these tend to be more rigid, and require surgery if you want them corrected.

In brief: Bent toe.
People can get hammertoes several different ways, including just an unlucky roll of the genetic dice, but the fundamental result is usually the same: a toe that has drawn back and no longer sits straight or "flat".
Sometimes it's only a tendon that holds the toe in that position, other times there's arthritis involved: these tend to be more rigid, and require surgery if you want them corrected.
Dr. Libby Putnam
Dr. Libby Putnam
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1 comment
Dr. Payam Rafat
Good answer!
3 doctors agree
In brief: Hammertoe
A hammer toe is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, fourth and fifth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer. Mallet toe is a similar condition affecting the distal interphalangeal joint.
Claw toe is another similar condition, with dorsiflexion of the proximal phalanx on the lesser metatarsophalangeal joint, combined with flexion of dipj/pipj.

In brief: Hammertoe
A hammer toe is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, fourth and fifth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer. Mallet toe is a similar condition affecting the distal interphalangeal joint.
Claw toe is another similar condition, with dorsiflexion of the proximal phalanx on the lesser metatarsophalangeal joint, combined with flexion of dipj/pipj.
Dr. Thomman Kuruvilla
Dr. Thomman Kuruvilla
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Dr. Steven Hill
Family Medicine
3 doctors agree
In brief: Physical abnormality
A hammertoe is a physical abnormality where the top of the toe draws up - these can rub on ill-fitting shoes and cause problems.

In brief: Physical abnormality
A hammertoe is a physical abnormality where the top of the toe draws up - these can rub on ill-fitting shoes and cause problems.
Dr. Steven Hill
Dr. Steven Hill
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Dr. Adam Ringler
Podiatry
1 doctor agrees
In brief: Hammertoe
Hammertoe is a contraction of the toe.
This can occur at either of the joints/knuckles and sometimes is worse when a person is standing or walking. With time, these can become worse or become rigid.

In brief: Hammertoe
Hammertoe is a contraction of the toe.
This can occur at either of the joints/knuckles and sometimes is worse when a person is standing or walking. With time, these can become worse or become rigid.
Dr. Adam Ringler
Dr. Adam Ringler
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1 comment
Dr. Fred Birnbaum
When they get rigid, the joints frequently will become red and sore, and after that, corns may form, which may be bad enough to require surgical correction.
Dr. Payam Rafat
Podiatry
1 doctor agrees
In brief: Toe contracture
A hammertoe is an abnormal contracture or a bending of the toe joint which results from a muscle or tendon imbalance due to the mechanical and structural changes in the foot that may occur over time.
This can be hereditary or due to environmental factors such as tight shoes. This abnormal bending can lead to abnormal pressure distribution resulting in pain, swelling, blistering, and corns.

In brief: Toe contracture
A hammertoe is an abnormal contracture or a bending of the toe joint which results from a muscle or tendon imbalance due to the mechanical and structural changes in the foot that may occur over time.
This can be hereditary or due to environmental factors such as tight shoes. This abnormal bending can lead to abnormal pressure distribution resulting in pain, swelling, blistering, and corns.
Dr. Payam Rafat
Dr. Payam Rafat
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Dr. Adam Teichman
Orthopedic Surgery - Foot & Ankle
1 doctor agrees
In brief: Contracture of toe
A hammertoe is a deformity of the second third or fourth toes of the feet.
The toe will look contracted causing pain at the joint of the affected toe. Go to www.Eastpennfoot.Com former information. Of the toes on the foot.

In brief: Contracture of toe
A hammertoe is a deformity of the second third or fourth toes of the feet.
The toe will look contracted causing pain at the joint of the affected toe. Go to www.Eastpennfoot.Com former information. Of the toes on the foot.
Dr. Adam Teichman
Dr. Adam Teichman
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