Very Basically. Melancholic depressions are severely gloomy with a loss of joy, appetite, weight & insomnia. Atypical depressions are associated with interpersonal rejection sensitivity, severe fatigue, increased appetite & excessive sleep. Bipolar depressions occur in people who also have periods of mania (excessively elevated & impulsive moods), while people with unipolar depression do not have manic states.
Types. Diagnostically, there is adjustment d/o, dep; seasonal affective d/o; dysthymic d/o; and major deression of which there are a number of subtypes. Cyclical depression can also be diagnosed as bipolar d/o. Finally, there is depression not otherwise specified for those not meeting diagnostic criteria for the others.
Depression. Depression can be mild, moderate or severe. Can be unipolar, bipolar or mixed. Can be normal grief, reactive depression or major depression. Can be acute or chronic (dysthymia). This is simplified way of looking at symptomatic depression. Sadness with very few neurovegetative signs or symptoms would be the type that lasts short time & clears when triggers are resolved.
Here are some. 1.Major depressive disorder (mdd)-two weeks, severe 2.Persistent depressive disorder (dsm-5, was dysthymia)--2 years, less severe than mdd 3.Seasonal affective disorder--depressive symptoms during winter months 4. Situational depression--depressive symptoms due to a major life stressor or change 5. Depression caused by a medical problem 6. Depression caused by excessive use of alcohol or drug.
Dr Berman provided. An excellent list. I thought postpartum depression was a good one to add.
Chronic. Chronic depression.
Depression. I have always simply explained to my patients that there were three kinds of depression, and I compared them to upper respiratory illnesses. If you have a low-level depression, it is like a cold. If you have dysthymia, it is like flu. If you have major depression, it is like pneumonia. In all cases to be diagnosed, one has to have symptoms for extended periods of time- not just a day or a week.
Types of Depression. There are several types of depression. Reactive depression occurs as a result of loss and eventually we adjust. If one does not adjust or if the cause is not clear certainly seek professional help. "feeling good" by david burns is an excellent self-help book based on science. Don't let the thickness of it intimidate you. Take it bit by bit. Chemical depression-neuroscience lab tests-urine.
Too long to fit. I'm sorry, but a full answer to this question can't fit into 400 characters. Here's a resource that provides good information about this subject for you: http://tinyurl. Com/28svmy7 you'll find that there are also links to greater detail in each category. Best wishes.
Why do I feel like I've achieved my goal and suddenly feel hyper and happy between every now and then ever since childhood? What type of depression?
Normal. If I understand your question correctly I would say this is normal. I also get hyper and happy when I achieve my goals. Keep up the good work ;)
See below. The one that lead to inability to function, suicidal ideations and/or suicide. Thoughts of harm or actual harm to the baby and post-partum psychosis -- delusions, hallucinations that might lead to the acts of self-or other-harm.
Psychosis. If it gets too bad, with no sleep, the mind gets unhinged from reality. This is generally part of a bipolar spectrum issue but sleep is important to prevent psychosis.
Dangerous Ones. Postpartum depression, when severe, can be associated with sleep deprivation, suicidal thoughts, anxiety and intrusive, obsessive, and disturbing thoughts about the baby. Postpartum psychosis is a different condition that is more associated with bipolar disorder and involves hallucinations and delusions and an increased risk of infanticide. Both demand immediate support and psychiatric care.
According to the dsm IV tr what types of depression cause a marked impairment in occupational functioning?
Severity. The dsm IV impairments in functioning refer to severity of symptoms. In order to diagnose a major depressive episode, dysthymic disorder, or bipolar ii disorder, for instance, the symptoms need to cause clinically significant impairment in social, work, or other important areas of functioning almost every day. It's hard to work effectively when you cannot sustain mental energy or focus on tasks.