What is inflammatory bowel disease?

IBD defined. Earlier healthtap answers may help. Briefly ibd is a spectum of inflammatory diseases of GI tract. At one end of the spectrum is ulcerative colitis---a disease confined to the mucosal surface of colon. At the opposite end of the spectrum is crohn's disease--a transmural (full thickness) inflammation of any part of GI tract (from mouth to anus). Both are systemic & increase colon cancer risk.
Various. Inflammatory bowel disease is most commonly considered to be either crohn's disease which can inflame any part of the intestine from mouth to anus, or ulcerative colitis which can inflame the colon. Both can cause abdominal cramping pains, diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, rectal bleeding, etc.

Related Questions

What is inflammatory bowel disease (ibd)?

Not understood. Although extensively studied, ibd, is not completely understood. It primarily occurs in 2 different forms known as ulcerative colitis or crohn's disease. The end result is chronic but intermittent inflammation in the terminal small intestines or large intestines. It is commonly manifested by pain with bloody mucous stools. The exact cause of the inflammation is not similar to autoimmune disease. Read more...

What causes inflammatory bowel diseases?

Autoimmunity. Genetic predisposition and interaction with pathogens from the environment conspire to cause ibd, which in essence is an autoimmune disorder. Maternal-fetal cell trafficking across the placenta fuels the theory that most if not all autimmune disorders have their origin in fetal (or maternal) stem cells persisting in various organs and stimulating inflammatory response. Stress does not help! Read more...

I'm concerned. What symptoms go with inflammatory bowel disease?

Cramps diarrhea. Symptoms vary from patient to patient, but most have some sort of abdominal pain - usiually cramping and loose, frequent bowel movements. Sometimes fever, sometimes blood in the stool, frequently weight loss if the symptoms are bad enough. See your doctor because many of these symptoms are nonspecific. Read more...
Variable. Multiple loose watery stools, often with blood up to7-15 times per day, loss of appetite, diffuse abdominal pain, weight loss that was not intentional, fever. If in doubt see either a colorectal surgeon or gastroenterologist. Read more...

What are symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease?

Depends. Inflammatory bowel disease generally refers to crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Both may give you diarrhea up to 10-20 movements per day, uc usually with blood mixed in, abdominal pain, weight loss, loss of energy and numeropus other associated co morbid conditions. If in doubt see either a colorectal surgeon or GI doctor. Read more...
Many. Most common abdominal pain and bouts of diarrhea, sometimes bloody with mucus in it. www.drlugo.com. Read more...

What medicines are treat inflammatory bowel disease?

Many. Gi anti-inflammatory ( 5-asa, mesalamine), steroids (prednisone, budesonide), immunosuppressants (azathioprine, cyclosporine) and biologics (infliximab) are the most common meds used for ibd. Depends on your symptoms and clinical response, combination treatment is common. You need to work closely with your doctor. Read more...

What new treatments for inflammatory bowel disease are being researched?

Many. There are many different immuno modulating medications currently being evaluated for the management of ibd. They target different aspects of the immune system with hopes of dowregulating the inappropriate immune response present on most patients. Read more...

Can changing what I eat help control inflammatory bowel disease?

With flares, but... Ulcerative colitis involves inflammation of the colonic mucosal surface, so colectomy (removal of the colon) is curative for it. Crohn's disease however is a transmural (full-thickness) inflammation of any part of the GI tract (from mouth to anus). Crohn's is not curable, but it is controllable with medications (see my previous healthtap answer regarding "step up" versus "top down" treatments. Read more...
Yes. Sugar and oil aggravates symptoms. Make sure you substitute sugar with honey, oil from vegetable or canola to olive or coconut oil. Daily take phosphatidyl choline, galactan and devil's claw will heal gut. Read more...
It may help.. With symptoms especially during flares but unlikely to change the course of disease. The exception is severe cases of cd where elemental diets may help induce remission. Read more...

What are the tests for inflammatory bowel disease?

See your doctor. A physical examination by your doctor is a place to start. Sometimes an x-ray such as small bowel series, and referral to a gastroenerologist for endoscopy and/or colonoscopy with biopsies may be indicated. Read more...
Endoscopy w/ biopsy. Clinical history, signs, symptoms, bloodwork and imaging can all be suggestive of ibd; but proper diagnosis is made after endoscopy with histology. Read more...