Pelvic exam. A pap is one part of a routine pelvic exam and testing. You will be undressed from the waist down and laying on a table with your bottom on the edge and your legs positioned in "stirrups." the doctor examines the area, inserts a speculum gently and collects the pap with a swab that touches your cervix. It may be awkward but is not painful and is important to prevent cervical cancer.