Lethal if not. Caught early. 80% of colon cancers occur in individuals with no family history. If you are over 50 you need a colon examination, preferably a colonoscopy.
Yes. Though family history increases your personal rik, the vast majority of colorectal cancers are found in patients with no known family history.
Yes. Colorectal cancer occurs in both men and women. Screening tests are appropriate for both.
Yes. In the United States about 70, 000 women and 70, 000 men were diagnosed with colorectal cancer in 2010. (seer data) survival for colon cancer found in the early stage is greater than 90% curable. It is so important for both men and women to get colon/rectal cancer screening.
Yes. Women can not escape from inflicting yourself on colon and rectal cancer only because you are being a woman.
Yes. The only difference between men and women here is what is ahead of it in incidence. Breast cancer throws the most commonly occurring cancers off by 1 in women but even if you are unfortunate enough to have breast or lung cancer, you can still get colon or rectal cancer.
Yes. Women over 50, those with a family history of colon-rectal cancer, those with inflamatory bowel disease (crohns, ulcerative colitis), and a history of colon polyps have a higher than avetage risk and need to be screened more aggressively.
Yes. Colon cancer affects both sexes and all ages. The youngest one I saw is 25 years old, without any family hisotry.
Age 50. The incidence of colorectal cancer goes up after age 50 which is why routine colonoscopy is recommended to begin at that age. The exception would be if you have a strong family history of colon cancer. In that circumstance your physician might decide to begin screening at an earlier age.
Symptoms and age. Bleeding constipation diarrhea pain or age greater than 50. Any on this list.
Colonoscopy. You do a colonoscopy.
Colonoscopy. With biopsy is the definitive test. Other less sensitive and specific test include tumor markers and stool cytology.
If there's history of colon/rectal cancer (lowercolon andrectumremoved) and 7 large polyps were found from an colonoscopy how often should a person go?
Need close observati. You need more close observation than general population, and colonoscopy in 6 months unlike usual surveillance colonoscopy. If all polyps are not removed even more frequently. If you your family members have colonic polyps, or colon ca family needs genetic counseling and tests.
Every year. Because of high risk of developing more colon cancer if continues to have more high grade polyps patient will require total colectomy and also the family members should be checked for polyposis.
Depends. Discuss with GI re: how thorough scope eval was. Ask if biopsied areas marked. Type of polyp (tubular, villous, sessile etc important predictors. May consider 6 month f/u scope, possibly 12 mo. Then annual until all negative then space every 2-3 yrs cautiously. Family history, genetic testing, upper scope should be considered.
Somewhat. Colon cancer and rectal caner are usually an adenocarcinoma. They are both located in the large intestine. The difference is that they are treated differently. Sometimes rectal cancer is first treated with radiation and chemotherapy before surgery. Colon cancer often does not use radiation therapy. Both cancers use surgery to remove the cancer.
Yes. The typical colon and rectal cancers, or adenocarcinomas, start as polyps. That's precisely why getting a screening colonoscopy by age 50 is so important.
Most do. Most colorectal cancers arise in adenomatous polyps, which are the type of polyps that are examined for and removed in colonoscopy. Data now shows that removal of colorectal polyps decreases coloretcal cancers as well as the risk of dying from a colorectal cancer. Less frequently, colorectal cancers can be founs that do not arise from polyps. This most often happens in inflammatory bowel disease.
Yes it is possible. Pediatric patients can have cancer in the rectum or distal colon but usually it is different from the adult cancers in histology. This is a subject best referred to a pediatric oncologist and pediatric oncosurgeon and pediatric gastroenterologist for further guidance.
Confusing question. You say 2 yo and at possible colorectal cancer? Never heard of this. Years ago I recall an 8 yo that was part of a cancer family grouping studied at md anderson. Never anyone this young. I would consider anyone who told you this was possible to be misinformed.
Genetic screen. If your 2-y-o is a primary relative of the one with fap (familial adenomatous polyposis), genetic screening is generally recommended at age 10 or screening sigmoidoscopy at age 10-12.
Not really, but... Theoretically, constipation allows toxins in our everyday food to stay longer in contact with the lining of the colon, thus exposing the cells to the possible mutagenic effects for longer. One of the ways a high fiber diet is thought to be protective, is it speeds elimination, reducing toxin exposure thus reducing cancer risk. Plus, it tastes good!
Assoc, not cause. Dietary habits that can lead to constipation (low fiber, low intake of whole grains, legumes, fruits and veggies, high fat), can be associated (statistically in populations) with increased rates of colon and rectal cancer. Fiber supplements, vitamin supplements don't help out, diet does. There are other causes for constipation. Discuss with your doc; see a dietician if needed..