How is a thyroid nodule treated?

Complicated question. Most nodules are initially treated with a biopsy. Additional therapy, if any, will depend on the results of that biopsy and any other symptoms or signs associated with that nodule. In truth, the treatment for any thyroid nodule is very individualized and impossible to generalize further.
Treatment options. Depends on the size of the nodule, you can either do an ultrasound guided biopsy to rule out cancer or follow it with yearly ultrasound to make sure that it's not growing or do the biopsy if it grows. If it's causing swallowing/breathing problem or if it's producing extra hormone, surgical removal is also an option.
Many need none. Many thyroid nodules require no treatment at all. Testing is needed to determine if they produce too much thyroid hormone or if they may be cancerous. Cancerous nodules are treated w/ surgery to remove whole thyroid. Overactive nodules can be treated w/ surgery to remove half of the thyroid or with radioactive iodine to kill them. Large nodules causing trouble swallowing may also need surgery.

Related Questions

I have HPV strain 16 I've been treated for abnormal cervical cells. I also have 3 thyroid nodules. Could HPV be the cause of the nodules?

Never been reported. Hpvs do cause many problems including cervical cancers, anal cancers, genital warts, and even pharyngeal cancers, but has not been reported to cause/related to thyroid nodules or cancer (yet). Thyroid nodules are more often noncancerous, but obviously cancer is most concerning to anyone having it. You may need biopsy. Thus follow up with doc is advised. Good luck.
Family practice. Hpv is not known to cause thyroid disease. But autoimmune disorders may make you more susceptible to both conditions.

3.4 thyroid nodule borderline pth high ca choked on a pill now have trouble swallow sometimes. I have anxiety and treated for GERD what is going on?

Hyperparathyroidism. Sounds like classic primary hyperparathyroidism. The symptoms are probably from high calcium. A nuclear scan can likely confirm (sestamibi). Suggest you see an endocrinologist or nephrologist.

Are thyroid nodules common?

Yes. Thyroid nodules occur in up to 50% of the worlds population. Modern ultrasound equipment can detect very small nodules that were not detectable with older machines. Only about 5% of nodules are cancerous. Nodules tend to increase in frequency as one matures.
Very. Thyroid nodules are extremely among the general population, more so in women than men. About 80% of nodules are benign in women and about 70% are benign in men. But all nodules over 1cm should be evaluated by a specialist.
Very. Very common, more common in females than males. Majority are benign.
Incidence of nodules. Thyroid nodules are very common. 50% of 50 year olds have them. About 1/3 are discovered by the patient, 1/3 by a doctor, and the rest are incidental found on an imaging study of the head, neck, or chest.

Are thyroid nodules moveable?

Part of the gland. They will move upward with the rest of the gland when you swallow, and you can move them just as you can move your larynx and trachea once you know your way around your neck. Your physician can help you make the distinction from a lymph node or other mass.
Moveable nodules. Thyroid nodules do not move but can change or "wax and wane". They can grow during growth spurts, from inflammation or bleeding within. As these episodes resolve they can shrink down, form cysts or become heterogeneous (mixed cystic and solid).

How and how come thyroid nodules form?

Luck of the draw. Some thyroid nodules are the result of radiation exposure (like chernobyl}. Many people form colloid cysts which are incidental and of no significance. Some may have a family history for a tendency of thyroid tumors. Whatever the cause, they need to be properly evaluated.

What are the tests for thyroid nodules?

TSH ultrasound. Tsh (blood test) to check thyroid function, ultrasound to characterise the nodule (how many, size, solid vs. Cyst, suspicion for malignancy), fine needle aspiration (fna) for suspicious nodules.
Labs and FNA. Any thyroid nodule over 1 centimeter deserves the attention of a thyroid specialist, either an endocrinologist or thyroid surgeon. They will recommend a detailed ultrasound, thyroid function tests (labs) and an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (fna) of the nodule.
Tests thyroid nodles. Free T4 and TSH are the basics. These two determine high (hyper), normal, or low (hypo) thyroid. Then f autoimmune disease is a consideration, thyroglobulin, anti Thyroglobulin antibody, thyroid peroxidase and anti thyroid peroxidase will be ordered.

What are some causes of thyroid nodules?

Cysts and Tumors. Thyroid nodules are very common. Most are benign but some are cancerous. A visit to your doctor is a must so that these nodules can be evaluated and further defined and treated appropriately.
Most. Thyroid nodules are benign some however can be cancerous. If you have a lump in your thyroid it should be followed closely by your doctor. Most benign thyroid nodules occur spontaneously without any known cause. As often happens with organs that have a secretory function (ie ovaries)fluid filled inclusions can form and grow. Follow-up with your treating physician.