How are patients prepared for pericardiocentesis?

Sterile prep. The patient is made as comfortable as possible, then the area below the breast bone is anesthetized with Lidocaine and then a needle is delivered in the pericardial space.

Related Questions

Does a patient has to be npo prior to pericardiocentesis?

Generally yes. Patient likely to be lying on back, so aspiration is a risk, if stomach full. A sip with medications has low risk, so absolute npo is a decision point by surgeon or team. Read more...