Some states require prophylaxis
against gonococcal opthalmia.
Pros & cons of eyedrops for newborns: http://answers.Google.Com/answers/threadview/id/20050.Html. Check with your state's statutes/laws. There's convincing evidence that blindness due to gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum has become rare in the United States since the implementation of universal prophylaxis of newborns w/out harm!