What is rheumatic fever from?

Strep infection. Rheumatic fever is a condition that can occur following a streptococcus pyrogens infection, such as strep throat or scarlet fever. It's typically a disease of children, though it's now far less common than it used to be.
Complex issue. Rheumatic fever is a quirk in the immune system. The cited estimate is 1/200 untreated cases of strep A infection will trigger antibodies that cause Rheumatic fever. These antibodies mistakenly attack your heart, or other tissues as if they were the strep germ. This can trigger all the features of rheumatic fever, including long term impairment. Future strep A infections can trigger a recurrence.
From a. Subspecies of streptococcus bacterial infection, usually of the throat or sinuses!

Related Questions

What treats rheumatic fever?

Penicillins/rest. rheumatic fever occurs after strep throat.it is treated with penicillin to eradicate the strep but it is considered an immune reaction after strep.So symptomatic treatment with rest and close follow up by your doctor including blood work is important. Read more...

Can rheumatic fever be cured?

No. You treat the strep infection which caused it; you give ant-iinflammatory agents (aspirin, steroids, etc.), and you then give symptomatic treatment to control the complications (such as congestive heart failure, etc.). All these may modulate the disease, but not necessarily cure it. Read more...
Self limiting. Rheumatic fever has several manifestations and can variable in severity. It is an autoimmune reaction for specific bacteria in the throat. Prevention is very possible and recommended for patients who had previous attack of rheumatic fever. If a subject contracted this condition usually responds well to anti-inflamma but some cases the sequale can be lifelong (mitral valve or aortic valve damage). Read more...
Depends. The cure depends upon the complication. For example, post stretococcal glomerulonephritis, a kidney problem is self limited. Heart damage to a valve is permanent. Check with your doctor for the other. Read more...

What is rheumatic fever like?

Each person is diff. It depends on the symptoms one can have, we see it mostly in children and rare in the us, it occurs 2 to 4 weeks after a strep infection - can involve the joints, the skin, the heart, the brain. Fever is where it gets it name. It was said in skips the joints but can bite the heart and cause heart damage. The cure is to prevent it with treatment of the group a strept throat infections. Read more...

How many people get rheumatic fever?

20 million. Worldwide, it is estimated that as many as twenty million people (mostly children aged 5-15) develop rheumatic fever each year; most of these cases occur in developing countries. In the United States, it is estimated that there may be as few as 2 cases per 100, 000 people each year which equals about 6000 cases. Read more...

Do a lot of people get rheumatic fever?

Depends. In the USA this has become very uncommon, but since it is no longer a reportable disease the statistics are not available, but prior to the 1970's when there were large outbreaks, the frequency was one per 100,000 population. Many doctors in the USA have never seen a case of rheumatic fever. Read more...
Not anymore. Since the development of antibiotics (penicillin in particular) especially in developed countries with adequate access to medical care the number of patients that develop rheumatic fever has decreased dramatically as streptococcal throat infections are better diagnosed and treated. Read more...

Are the symptoms of rheumatic fever bad?

They may be very bad. The major features are inflammation affecting all parts of the heart, migratory arthritis of multiple joints, a rash called erythema marginatum, a nervous disorder called chorea, and subcutaneous nodules (rare), usually on the elbows, knees and over the spine. These are just non-tender pea-sized bumps. Read more...
They could be. Particularly the ones related to joint swelling and inflammation. It is not unusual for the "arthritic" symptoms to be severe enough to prevent you form bearing weight and even walking. Other symptoms occurring several months later on (chorea) may also be debilitating by producing uncontrolled involuntary movements. Read more...

When was the last case of rheumatic fever?

Daily. Rheumatic fever still exists and occurs worldwide though rates are much lower in the developed world. Read more...