How could mitral valve stenosis be treated?

If severe, surgery. True, classical mitral stenosis is caused by rheumatic fever. Some types can be very aggressive causing compromised cardiac output & symptoms of marked shortness of breath & fatigue. There are no medical interventions that treat mitral stenosis. This leaves, when the time is appropriate, surgical repair or replacement. Balloon based interventions have not proven to be satisfactorily effective.
Surgery. If you have symptomatic mitral stenosis, you need a valvuloplasty (through a catheter) or surgical commissurotomy or valve replacement depending on your age and the condition of your valve.

Related Questions

How could mitral valve stenosis be prevented?

Avoid rheumatic feve. Avoiding rheumatic fever, avoids rheumatic heart disease which causes mitral stenosis. This can be accomplished by treating strep throat with penicillin.
Antibiotics. The majority of mitral stenosis is a result of rheumatic fever-caused by group a strep infection like strep throat. Treating the strep infection can prevent rheumatic fever. If rf occurs then long term (yrs) of low dose penicillin is required to prevent recurrence. The patient may also require long term steroids.

What is mitral valve stenosis?

Narrowing. This is a narrowing of the valve opening usually caused by rheumatic fever. It eventually leads to respiratory symptoms and heart failure. Fortunately it can be successfully treated with surgery.
Mitral valve. The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common.

How do you diagnose mitral valve stenosis?

Stethoscope & echo. Mitral stenosis can be diagnosed by a characteristic murmur heard with a stethoscope. This can be confirmed by an echocardiogram (an ultrasound exam) which can help assess the severity of the narrowing of the valve.
Echocardiogram. If a physician hears a specific heart sound, he/ she can order an ultrasound of the heart (echocardiogram) which will look at the valves and can detect the mitral stenosis.

Is mitral valve stenosis dangerous or not?

Depends. This depends on how severe the stenosis is. It is important to see a cardiologist and continue to watch this condition closely as it changes over time, and you may need surgery at some point in time.

I may have mitral valve stenosis. Is that bad?

Depends. This depends on how severe the stenosis is. It is important to see a cardiologist and continue to watch this condition closely as it changes over time, and you may need surgery at some point in time.
It depends. Mitral stenosis is a disease of the mitral valve which doesn't let the valve open enough. It is more common in the us to see the valve leak. The issue is how blocked is the valve. If the mv is too tight then pressure builds up in the lungs and the lungs get sick with pulmonary hypertension. The usual treatment would be a valve replacement though some can be repaired.

What is the significance of mitral valve stenosis?

Mitral stenosis. Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the mitral valve caused by rheumatic fever. Progressive narrowing of the mitral valve can cause heart rhythm disturbances and the development of heart failure symptoms. This condition can be corrected with either mitral balloon valvuloplasty or surgery.
Rheumatic fever. It means that you had (whether or not you know it) rheumatic fever with scarring of your valve. When severe, it causes atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure. When it causes symptoms, it requires surgical intervention with commissurotomy or valve replacement.

How do you tell the severity of mitral valve stenosis?

Several ways. There are several ways to check how severe your mitral stenosis is. The most common and least invasive method is by transthoracic echocardiography, an ultrasound of the heart.
Different tests.. The main way of evaluating the heart is with ultrasound which is referred to as echo. It can estimate the pressure change across the valve. <5 mm hg mild. 5-10 moderate and >10 severe. Also we can measure blood pressure in the lungs if this is very high that is sign if severe stenosis. Recently cardiac MRI can be used to evaluate the heart too.

How do I know if I have mitral valve stenosis. Please help!?

See your PMD. I don't know why you are specifically worried about mitral stenosis, however, if you have reason to suspect it such as history of rheumatic heart disease, then see your pmd who will check you for murmurs and, if any clinical suspicion, then will refer you to a cardiologist. Or if you can just see a cardiologist from the get go. Good luck.
Echocardiogram. People with mitral stenosis have a diastolic murmur (typically) and may have signs of left atrial hypertension (cough, shortness of breath, dyspnea on exertion.) the best test to reliably rule in or rule out mitral stenosis is an echocardiogram.

What are possible non-invasive treatments for mitral stenosis with mitral valve area less than 0.85?

Mitral stenosis. Severe mitral stenosis is a mechanical obstructive lesion. It needs to be corrected by surgery or occassionally a catheter based dilation of the abnormal valve. Surgery is generally preferred. Non invasive treatment can not increase the valve area and is limited to slowing the heart rate to allow more time for ventricular filling. This is of limited benefit.