How does surgery for stage 1 rectal cancer work?

Through abdomen/anus. This is where the cancer does not go past the muscle layer. Surgery can cure this but there are risks. Surgery can be through the abdomen with or without surgery on the anus. The first way might need a temporary or permanent colostomy, an opening for expulsion of waste. The other way requires a permanent colostomy. Surgery may be done that just involves the anus, but that risks recurrence.
Removal of the tumor. If the rectal cancer is very small and near the anus, some specialized surgeons can remove the tumor through the anus with special instruments - this is unusual to do. Most will use open or laparoscopic surgery to remove the piece of colon containing the tumor and reconnect the colon to itself using stitches or staples. If the tumor is too close to the sphincter it may not be reconnected.

Related Questions

How does surgery affect people who have stage 3 rectal cancer?

Hard to say. Some people are cured and some are not. You can't predict who will be in each catergory. My dad had stage 3. Best chance for survival at that time was 5% for 5 years. He lived 25 years after surgeryand died at age 95. Go figure. All is not lost with the diagnosis of cancer.
Depends. On where in the rectum the tumor is and what specific surgery is performed, I need more information to adequately answer this question.

Is it possible to get hernia after surgery for rectal cancer?

Yes. Any abdominal operation may be complicated by the subsequent development of an incisional hernia; this is more common with midline incisions. Other factors that may increase this risk include obesity, wound infections, postoperative chemotherapy, steroid use, and malnutrition.
Yes. Incisional hernias are possible after any kind of abdominal or pelvic surgery.

Is it likely to get hernia after rectal cancer surgery?

Possible, not likely. Hernias come in many forms. If you had a surgery with an incision on your midline abdominal wall, regardless of the reason for this incision, you could develop an incisional hernia. After your rectal cancer surgery, your surgeon likely told you to avoid coughing, straining, and heavy lifting for six weeks. This advise is to lower your risk for hernia in the incision. Check with your surgeon.
Depends. There are many surgical options to manage rectal cancer. If amenable to a transanal approach, there is no risk, if laparoscopic, you have a smaller risk than an open abdominal procedure. If you require a permanent colostomy, you have the potential for hernias at the abdominal incisions, around the colostomy and at the perineum, bottom where the anus was. A colorectal surgeon can provide options.
Depends. About 15-20% of patients that have an abdominal operation will develop a hernia at the site of the operation. This rate can be reduced to about 5% if the surgeon utilizes the "short stitch" technique described in sweden, and published in the archives of surgery in 2009. Ask your surgeon to look it up an consider incorporating this simple technique in to their practice.

My husband had colon rectal cancer and had a colostomy now he is going to get it reversed I guess I need to know how hard the surgery will be on him he has gone through so much and now its all fixing to be over please help?

It will be easier. Nobody knows how thing is going to happen in the future. However, the reversal surgery, I think, will be easier for him than the surgery he had before. He has been going through a lot and having the reversal surgery, psychologically, will be one of the closure for him. Good luck for him and god bless you both.
Talk to your surgeon. Colostomy reversal may be very simple (if it was an ileostomy)or very complex - if a "stump" in the pelvis and needs extensive internal work for reconnection. I have done ileostomy reversals in an hour or so but have spent more than 5hrs. For some complicated pelvic reversals. Postoperative bowel function depends on where the colon was removed, history of radiation, etc. Ask the one who knows best.

Diagonised with rectal cancer, after ileostomy reversal, frequent bm's, abcess withleakage at the surgery site. Alternatives tocolostomy? Bowel trnspl

Insert drain. Ileostomy after rectal cancer is used to protect the rectal resuturing to establish continuity in the bowel. II there is some kind of abscess and leakage it can occur where the ileostomy has been reversed or at the site of the rectal suture line which may not have been ready for closure. Interventional radiology can place a suction drain to the site and left there until everything has healed.

Laprascopic assisted low anterior resection of rectal cancer surgery scheduled in 4 days. What are the best things that I should do now to prep for it?

Ask your surgeon. Virtually all surgeons have a pre-operative routine they like you to do including bowel prep.
Talk to your surgeon. Your surgeon should answer all of your questions so that you are well prepared. In the meantime - take the bowel prep and any dietary changes that he/she recommends. Typically avoid Aspirin or Ibuprofen like drugs. Don't smoke. Continue your regular exercise but don't get exhausted. Arrange whatever help you will need with your house child care, etc. When you are home.

I had lar for rectal cancer 5mo ago. Now, I have a persistent groove line in my stool (same size as before surgery). Normal cea. What's the cause?

More fiber in diet. You probably are seeing narrow stool when you say "groove" in your stool. The size and girth of the stool is a function of fiber in your diet. If it is because of a stricture at the anastomotic site (narrowing at the bowel hook-up) you would have more symptoms of difficulty with defecation or abdominal distension and pain. Eat more fruits, vegetables and add psyllium seeds (like metamucil).
Not sure. There is any significance to a groove, but you may discuss this with your surgeon. The procedure uses a circling stapling device to bring the resected ends together, occasionally this is done by hand. Control of your bowels, lack of blood all positive signs. Does not sound like cancer. Talk to the surgeon about your concern.

I had a UTI after surgery for rectal cancer and was on Furantoin for 2 months. I now have a nodule on my lung could this be due to Furantoin for UTI?

No. Please ask your treating doctor what is this Nodule from. When a person has cancer and distant Nodule is seen, we always think of spread of Cancer. But other possibility like Old Granuloma from Previous Infection….can happen too.