Defined. Most often the portion of the heart between the right and left ventricles (septum) is thickened. This narrows the region below the aortic valve and causes a portion of mitral valve to be sucked into this area during ventricular ejection (emptying). As a result there is narrowing of outflow leading to obsruction.
Obstructing heart. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with obstruction is a condition of excess thickness of the left ventricle with overgrown muscle causing obstruction of blood flow out of the heart.
HOCM. Hocm is a condition of local muscular obstruction to the outflow of blood from the heart. It is part of the spectrum of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy which is abnormally thick heart muscle usually genetically related.
Hocm. The modern name is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Basically the heart muscle is too thick. This can cause an obstruction of blood when it exits the heart. This disease has many appearances and degrees of severity. All patients should be under the care of a cardiologist.
If I plan to get my medical tests done over vacation, will I need to go back for more for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy? I want to wrap this up in one week if possible.
Usually fast work-up. The major test used to diagnose hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an echocardiogram, a painless outpatient test that takes no more than an hour. Sometimes this is combined with exercise, extending time to two hours. Rarely, esp if invasive therapy is being considered, you may need a catheterization, which takes a full day and often an overnight stay.
Yes, lifelong. Lifelong follow-up is required. It is a condition in which the heart muscle is thick, and obstruction to outflow may occur. Arrhythmias may occur as well. It is commonly inherited, first degree relatives should be screened. Patients may have severe symptoms, or no symptoms at all. It is a common cause of death in young athletes who seemed completely healthy.