Strange Question. Suggest you ask a military recruiter and be specific what you mean by "serve in the military.".
No. Pts with a heart transplant require a great deal of care and are very fragile. They are suseptible to infections due to the medications there on. They also have to go for routine surviellence biopsies of their heart. Too high maintenance for the military.
No. This is a non-waiverable condition for entry into the military (commissioning or enlistment).
Propagation of life. A heart transplant is a gift of life -- it is the last resort measure -- it is a rarity and difficult to obtain -- and it is difficult to care for -- the recipient will need frequent evaluation and many meds after a heart transplant - a serious commitment.
Surgical. When there are proper indications of an absolutely failing heart on major medications, and perhaps with an lvad (left ventricular assist device)in place, a person will be considered and "listed". The surgery requires heart lung machine support of the recipient while their heart is removed and the donor heart is sewn in place.
Weak Heart. In almost all cases, heart transplantation in the adult population, is done because the recipient has a weak heart, which can develop through many different mechanisms.
To live longer. They are in heart failure and would not survive without a new one.
Infection. The medicines used to supress rejection of the new heart can leave pts prone to infection. Once infected pts can quickly become septic. The Prednisone can also cause high sugers and high blood pressure and a cushings like apearance.
Rejection, CAD. In addition to the already mentioned infection, medications are taken to prevent rejection by your immune system. The transplanted heart is also susceptible to coronary artery disease at an accelerated rate.
Heart transplant. Transplantation of the heart requires anti rejection meds that have side effects. Tacrolimus, or cyclosporin, MMF, prednisone, sirolimus are usual. These predispose to infections, cause diabetes, elevate lipids, elevate bp, promote wt gain, can cause neuro changes, can injure kidneys, and can abet cancers or lymphomas. Hearts can weaken from rejection attacks. Pleural effusions happen too.
Refractory symptoms. Pts that fail a maximal oral medical therapy reqiure multiple admissions to the hospital visits requiring IV medications to stay out of heart failure. Pts that require an asist device such a lvad are the types of pts that are cosidered for transplant. An vo2 stress test, muga scan, heartcaths, etc are tests done to eval pts. Elderly pts smokers morbidly obese and pts with poor compliance r excluded.
End stage heart fail. End stage heart failure, intractable angina or ventricular arthythmias are the most common indications for heart transplant. Eligibility screening includes a thorough evaluation: medical (to rule out contraindications such as active cancer, bad diabetes, etc.), social (good support system, non user of tobacco, heavy alcohol or drugs) and financial (ability to pay for meds afterwards).
A Failing Heart. They have end stage cardiac disease, and therefore a predicted shortened life expectancy.
General criteria. Life expectancy<1 year without it, exhaustion of other therapies, the absence of other life threatening conditions, absence of active drug/alcohol abuse and smoking, presence of supportive family members. Age generally not a rigid criteria.
End stage heat dis. The most essential, indication for heart transplantation is end stage heart disease not remediable by any other methods like medications heart devices etc, in good health, and have reasonable life expectancy.
If someone gets a heart transplant, is it true that they can develop the old heart-owner's characteristics?
No. No, but it makes for a good movie.
No but: Certain food allergies have been transferred from donor to recipient (e.g. Peanut allergy). This is thought to be due to cells responsible for the allergic reaction (mast cells) being transplanted as passenger cells along with the transplanted organ. But on the whole, no.
No. This is an urban legend or old tale. Solid organs can transmit diseases such as viral infections or cancers, but not characteristics like hair color, voice patterns, memories, favorite tastes, etc.
Yes. There is something called "alcoholic cardiomyopathy" and it can make the heart so weak, that only a transplant will prolong life. However, hearts are so hard to obtain, a person who hasn't maintained sobriety will not be a candidate for transplantation (Catch-22).