Are there specific laws on who qualify for heart transplant?

Sort of. Not really laws, but a way of operating. A very careful and thorough series of tests, exams, and evaluation of your support structure is needed.
Laws, no... The international organ procurement networks provide a series of rules for each specific type of organ which govern the transplant status (rank) of the candidates. Within each institution, the transplant team determines the individual suitability of their candidates. This process is constantly reevaluated, in the hopes of getting the organs to the most affected patients.

Related Questions

What do you suggest if my dad in law had a heart-transplant almost two years ago now, and I'm wondering if it's safe to have a ferret around him?

Why not. Your father-in-law is presumably on anti-rejection medicines that make him more susceptible to infection, but I'm not aware of any human illnesses (except rabies) transmitted by a ferret, so why not? Read more...

What are the criteria used to determine if someone qualifies for a heart transplant?

General criteria. Life expectancy<1 year without it, exhaustion of other therapies, the absence of other life threatening conditions, absence of active drug/alcohol abuse and smoking, presence of supportive family members. Age generally not a rigid criteria. Read more...
End stage heat dis. The most essential, indication for heart transplantation is end stage heart disease not remediable by any other methods like medications heart devices etc , in good health, and have reasonable life expectancy. Read more...

Can there be anything in specific that someone should eat after a heart transplant to aid in the recovery?

Get prof. advice. All i can tell you in this venue is that a healthy, balanced diet is important. You should discuss this with your cardiologist because other factors need to be considered such as your own internal chemistry, blood tests, any imbalances, drugs, etc. Many people may benefit from low sodium diet but the amount of protein you should have depends on your kidney status. Read more...
Healthy diet . A healthy diet with fruits, vegetables, lean meats and low fat diary products is best for overall cardiovascular health, including post heart transplant. One caveat is to wash your fruits and vegetables thoroughly with plenty of soap and water as you are more susceptible to infections now due to your immunosuppressive medications. Read more...

Please let me know if there is a specific name for a heart transplant surgeon?

Cardiac Surgeon. A cardiac or cardiothoracic surgeon specializes in surgery of the heart, lungs and other organs in the chest. This may include transplants of the heart and lungs. Read more...

Why is heart transplant difficult?

Donor shortage. Heart failure patients are waiting many months for a matching donor heart after being listed as a suitable candidate. Read more...
Medical Complexity. In order for the best results to help the most needy patients, selection of both donor hearts and recipients with end stage cardiac disease is complex. It is also essential that the recipient becomes their own health advocate, and be responsible to take their anti-rejection medications and adhere to the follow-up regimen of the transplant program. Read more...