What is minimally invasive heart surgery?

Smaller incision. Minimally invasive heart surgery uses special instruments, and sometimes a robot, to perform coronary artery bypass surgery or valve surgery using a small incision off and 2-3 CM in diameter. This is much smaller than the standard thoracotomy which is a large midsternal incision.
Depends. Minimally invasive heart surgery can refer to a variety of surgical approaches or techniques that is performed through smaller incisions than the standard sternotomy (midline chest incision through the sterum). This can refer to a thoracotomy incision or robotic surgery. Minimally invasive surgery may offer faster recovery times or better cosmesis.

Related Questions

What does minimally invasive heart surgery treat?

Heart surgery. So-called minimally invasive heart surgery is used to treat coronary artery disease as well as valvular heart disease. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery and valve repair surgery can be accomplished with minimally invasive techniques but requires a surgeon who is highly skilled in using these techniques. Read more...
Valves mostly. Minimally invasive techniques are used for valve repairs and replacements, coronary artery bypass, and arrythmias surgery. Read more...

What doctors performs minimally invasive heart surgery?

Cardiovascular surg. Cardiovascular surgeons can do bypass symptoms by either an open procedure or by a min invasive method. The open procedure requires the sternum to be opened with a saw . This is called a sternotomy.A min invasive symptoms uses several smaller port access sites but leaves sternum intact. The thinking with this method is its less painful and quicker recovery . Read more...
Cardiac surgeons. Minimally invasive heart surgery is performed in several centers through out the us. Most heart surgeons perform little to no minimally invasive surgery. Many surgeons who perform minimally invasive surgery had additionally training after residency. You should be able find out which surgeons in your area perform minimally invasive surgery. Read more...

What are alternatives to minimally invasive heart surgery?

Many. Instead of minimally invasive cardiac surgery, one could opt for normal heart surgery (with a thoracotomy), percutaneous intervention (stents if the surgery is bypass, or tavi/valvuloplasty if related to aortic stenosis or mitral stenosis), or medical treatment. It depends on what the surgery is exactly as to what your options are. Read more...
Standard sternotomy. The majority of heart surgery is still done through a traditional midline sternotomy. Read more...

What new procedures of minimally invasive heart surgery came in the last 20 years?

Robotic Surgery. Robotic surgery has allowed coronary artery bypass surgery and valve surgery to be done to a very small incision. This results in greater patient satisfaction and a better cosmetic effect. A large midsternal incision is no longer required. Although not every hospital is able to perform this type of surgery, interest among cardiothoracic surgeons in performing minimally invasive surgery is increasing everyday. Read more...
Lets see. Valve surgery is the most common followed by coronary surgery. Everything from small thoracic incisions to robotics. Read more...

What patients are eligible for minimally invasive heart surgery?

Many . Minimally invasive valve surgery for aortic valve replacement. This is achieved by a smaller incision in the top of the chest. Mitral valve replacement can be done by robotic. Coronary artery bypass can be done by small incisions. The most important question is to do surgery the safest with good outcome. Recovery from surgery requires dedication from the patient and family. Read more...
It depends. The type of surgery and a history of prior surgery usually determine if an operation can be minimally invasive - if only the aortic valve or mitral valve need to be replaced/repaired you may qualify for a less invasive approach. This approach is avoided in patients who need a valve surgery and bypasses, or (sometimes) in patients with prior surgery - the scarring may interfere. Read more...

What aftercare is prescribed after minimally invasive heart surgery?

Short & long-term. Depending on exactly how "minimally invasive" it was, the short term care is focused on wound healing (no infections, wound disruption) and rehabilitation (increasing activity). In the long-term, the care needs to be focused on why the procedure was required in the first place, so risk factor assessment and management (blood fats, blood pressure, diabetic status, smoking status, weight control). Read more...
Same as regular . Most patients will be advised to walk every day, do deep breathing exercises, no heavy lifting or driving. Read more...

Is minimally invasive heart surgery the same as open heart surgery?

Mostly.... The biggest difference is usually the incision size, with minimally invasive being smaller and often avoiding opening the breastbone. The actual surgical procedure, such as valve repair or bypass is often identical to the traditional approach. Read more...
No. Minimally invasive heart surgery are performed through small institutions on the sides of your chest. They will go through your rib cage inorder to not crack your chest. This results in quicker recovery time and less pain. Your surgeon could also see areas of the heart better rather than open heart. Read more...

What are the risks involved with minimally invasive heart surgery?

Similar to standard. For most minimally invasive heart surgery the main difference is the means to access the surgical site. Though less trauma may be needed, the actual surgical procedure itself will be similar and therefore have comparative risk to an "open" case. Read more...
Depends. What diagnosis what operation what personal risk factors? Death bleeding recurrence over time stroke infection are the serious but infrequent things we talk to patients about as they consent to operations. Read more...