Diet & exercise. Moderate exercise (about 30 minutes 5 times a week) reduces LDL cholesterol and raises HDL cholesterol. Smoking can lower HDL levels, so stop smoking if you do. Eat lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean sources of protein. Include monounsaturated fats in your diet- olive oil/canola oil. Moderate consumption of alcohol may also positively impact HDL levels. 1 glass of wine a day.
None. Food just has cholesterol ( or not). The body absorbs some of it and puts it in a low density lipoprotein. When the body has excess it puts the cholesterol in a high density protein to dispose of it.
None; HDL IsNotChol. Hdl are complex protein particles, 80-100 proteins/particle, which accept fat molecules from cells which need to export fat. The proteins are manufactured by both liver ; intestinal cells ; extruded into the water outside cells. The primary organizing proteins are apo-a1 ; apo-aii. They vary from small disks up to larger balls ; from 1 up to 3 apo-a proteins/particle as they accept fat ; enlarge.
Wine & saturated fat. Both alcohol and saturated fat will raise HDL cholesterol. Depending on how one's body responds simply increasing cholesterol intake can raise total and HDL cholesterol. ( along with LDL cholesterol.) bottom line is while having increased HDL levels predicts decreased heart risk in groups of patients - it predicts very little for individuals . We know little about trying to raise hdl.