How will bronchitis affect the body?

Symptoms... Acute bronchitis, due to an infection of the airways, will cause cough productive of discolored sputum, fever, cold symptoms, body aches, headache, wheezing, shortness of breath, etc. These symptoms are due to inflammation and the body's immune reaction. Chronic bronchitis, a form of copd, results in shortness of breath, cough productive of sputum, wheezing, etc. Due to airway inflammation.