What's bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Lung scarring. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a condition of airway & lung scarring that occurs in premi's & micro premi's during their prolonged need for ventilation or oxygen in those critical weeks. Xrays are seen to gradually change to show the characteristic patterns that correlate with pathology seen under the microscope when a kid doesn't survive.
Immature infant lung. Etiology of bpd or chronic lung disease is usually immature lung or infection with subsequent changes due to therapy with high oxygen and high vent pressures. BPD through different stages as characterized on chest radiographs, dense lungs, cystic changes, secretions and volume loss. Some children have mild disease with usually asthma. More severe, oxygen support, very severe may heart failure.

Related Questions

How to pronounce bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Break up syllables. BPD or bronko pull mon ary dys plazia. BPD is chronic lung disease in usually premature infants.

How to pronounce "bronchopulmonary dysplasia"?

See below. Chronic lung condition that is caused by tissue damage to the lungs, imarked by inflammation, exudate, scarring, fibrosis, and emphysema, and usually occurs in immature infants who have received mechanical ventilation and supplemental oxygen as treatment for respiratory distress syndrome. Bronchopulmonary (BRONG-ko-PUL-mo-NAR-e) dysplasia (dis-PLA-ze-ah). I hope this helps.

What are the tests for bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

BPD. There are no real "tests" for bpd. Infants with bpd are those that continue to have an oxygen requirement at 28 days of age. They also have an abnormal chest xray consistent with chronic lung disease.
Several. BPD can be mild, moderate, or severe. To confirm diagnosis of BPD. Chest xray confirms diagnosis of BPD with consolidations, interstitial lung disease, overaeration. Blood tests confrim hypoxia. Echocardiography looking for pulmonary hypertension.

What can I do to treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Good nutrition. Treatment for bpd may include many medications and need to be prescribed by a neonatal specialist or lung specialist. However, probably the most important is nutrition and making sure that baby is growing appropriately. Again nutritional recommendations need to be discussed with your doctor or dietitian. Diet of babies with bpd differs from normal diet for healthy newborns.
See your doctor. There is no single treatment for bronchopulmonary displasia (bpd). If you or your child has been diagnosed with this I would recommend and evaluation by a pulmonolgist (lung specialist) to discuss possible treatments and course of bpd.

What are the effects of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Low oxygen levels. Premature babies who suffer rds may later develop bpd. I assume this is what you reference. This scarring of the lungs causes decrease in oxygen in the blood due to poor oxygen transport in the lungs. These children often have to have nasal oxygen supplements and are at high risk for asthma symptoms and pneumonia.
Varies on severity. Usually found as result of immature lungs, sometimes infection related to therapy of immature lung with increase ventilatory pressures. BPD now called chronic lung disease can in mild cases resolve, maybe with presence of asthma. More severe changes may require prolonged ventilatory support with oxygen and sometimes tracheotomy for secretions and better ventilation. In extreme cases may succumb.

What are the symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

BPD or CLD. The classic diagnosis of bpd may be assigned at 28 days of life if the following criteria are met. Positive pressure ventilation during the first 2 weeks of life for a minimum of 3 days. Clinical signs of abnormal respiratory function. Requirements for supplemental oxygen for longer than 28 days of age. Chest radiograph with diffuse abnormal findings characteristic of chronic lung disease.
Breathing difficulty. Most infants who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds (about 1, 000 grams) at birth, and have breathing problems. Infections that occur before or shortly after birth also can contribute to BPD. Infants that recover may have problems with asthma. More severe cases may require ventilatory support.

Describe the features of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (b.P.D.).?

Oxygen dependency. Bpd is a disease of the lungs of premature babies. Specific definitions vary, however is is generally defined as oxygen need at about one month of age. It typically results from long term mechanical ventilation in premies. The lungs continue to grow for he first few years of life and many outgrow the condition.
Breathing difficulty. Most infants who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds (about 1, 000 grams) at birth, have breathing problems. High oxygen and ventilatory pressures to keep lungs open. Infections that occur before or shortly after birth also can contribute to BPD. Infants that recover may have problems with asthma. More severe cases may require ventilatory support.

What is the definition or description of: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Chronic lung disease. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a form of chronic lung disease that affects newborns (mostly premature) and infants. It results from damage to the lungs caused by mechanical ventilation and long-term use of oxygen for more than 28 days. Most infants recover from BPD, but some may have long-term breathing difficulty.

What is the long-term consequences of having bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Several. Long-term consequences of bpd and its associated treatments may include growth restriction, low oxygen levels, high carbon dioxide levels, high blood pressures in the lungs and body, abnormal neurodevelopment, impairment of vision and hearing, and left ventricular hypertrophy (a cardiac condition). It is therefore critical that infants with bpd have close coordinated follow-up.
Variable. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia ("bpd") can be a severe problem from being on a ventilator as a newborn. However, children grow a lot of new lung for the first several years of life. If lung development goes well, there may be almost total healing of the damage from bpd. Asthma is the most common long-term problem from bpd, as often as 50% or so, especially in families with other children with asthma.
Breathing difficulty. Most infants who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds (about 1, 000 grams) at birth, have breathing problems. High oxygen and ventilatory pressures to keep lungs open. Infections that occur before or shortly after birth also can contribute to BPD. Infants that recover may have problems with asthma. More severe cases may require ventilatory support.