What causes acute epiglottitis in children?

Mostly infection. Very rare infection of epiglottis, flap of elastic cartilage tissue covered with mucous membrane, attached to the entrance of the larynx, blocking entrance of food into airway when swallowing. Since vaccination for hemophilus influenza even rarer.Most common organism causing epiglottitis now is streptococcus pneumoniae. Other organisms include parainfluenzae, varicella-zoster, herpes simplex.
Please see below. In epiglottitis, the epiglottis (which comes off the back of the tongue deep in the throat) and surrounding area is infected with bacteria and swollen. Symptoms can include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever, muffled voice, and airway obstruction (life-threatening). If you suspect epiglottitis in someone, they need to be seen at the hospital immediately.

Related Questions

How is acute epiglottitis treated usually?

Please see below. Most of the time, someone with epiglottitis must be intubated (have a tube put in the airway to keep it open) until the swelling resolves, and all patients with this condition need to be in the icu. After bacterial cultures are taken, IV antibiotics are started. Fever relievers may also be needed. Read more...
Severity. Children without signs of airway compromise, respiratory difficulty, stridor, or drooling, and mild swelling (laryngoscopy) managed without immediate airway intervention by close monitoring in ICU.Unstabe pt. immediate airway management. Signs and symptoms associated with need for intubation include respiratory distress, airway compromise, stridor, inability to swallow, drooling,sitting erect. Read more...

Is it true that death from acute epiglottitis is quick?

No. It's a miserable, protracted business lasting at least several hours of profoundly labored breathing. If somebody that you know died of acute epiglottitis -- and in this day and age it should not happen if medical care is sought in time -- you have my sympathy. Read more...

Must I seek immediate help if I have acute epiglottitis?

Absolutely!! In epiglottitis, the epiglottis (which comes off the back of the tongue deep in the throat) and surrounding area is infected and swollen. This can completely block the airway, which can cause death. Symptoms can also include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever, and muffled voice. If you suspect epiglottitis, you need to be seen at the hospital immediately. Read more...
Yes. Epiglottitis can be life threatening if airway suddenly closes. Need to have emergency care and monitoring of oxygenation, possibly intubation if condition deteriorates.Sometimes tracheostomy. Need proper antibiotic therapy if cause is from infecting organism. Read more...

Must I seek immediate help if my child has acute epiglottitis?

Absolutely. This is very rare in immunized children. However, if you suspect this, your child should be seen in an emergency department. Epiglottitis is life threatening. Read more...
Yes. Epiglottitis can be life threatening if airway suddenly closes. Need to have emergency care and monitoring of oxygenation, possibly intubation if condition deteriorates.Sometimes tracheostomy. Need proper antibiotic therapy if cause is from infecting organism. Read more...
Yes. If you believe this is happening it must be attended to quickly.Never force a kid you think has this to lay down.If they do, their airway can close quickly and they can die within minutes.Proceed to the nearest emergency facility allowing the kid to assume whatever position they are comfortable in. Read more...

What are the risks of acute epiglottitis?

Airway blockage. In epiglottitis, the epiglottis (which comes off the back of the tongue deep in the throat) and surrounding area is infected and swollen. This can completely block the airway, which can cause death. If you suspect epiglottitis in someone, they need to be seen at the hospital immediately. Read more...
Some risk factors. Certain increased risk factors. More males than females. Having weakened immune system, more susceptible to bacterial infections causing epiglottitis. Lacking adequate vaccination. Delayed or skipped immunizations make child vulnerable to Hemophilus influenzae, most common bacterium causing epiglottitis and increases the risk. Read more...

How can I prevent acute epiglottitis again?

Please see below. Most people only have it once; someone with recurrences needs to have their immune system evaluated. Anyone closely exposed to someone with epiglottitis needs to see their doctor for preventive antibiotics. Non-infectious epiglottitis is often caused by heat damage (i.e., smoking), swallowing non-food items; avoiding these actions decreases risk. Read more...
Not always. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends vaccine young children receive for older children and adults with immune systems compromised by:sickle cell disease,HIV/AIDS,spleen removal, chemotherapy,medications to prevent rejection of organ or bone marrow transplants.Immunization with Hib vaccine usually for hemophilus influen b organism.Other bacteria, fungi, and viruses can cause. Read more...

What are the risks of a child having acute epiglottitis that is serious?

Airway blockage. In epiglottitis, the epiglottis (which comes off the back of the tongue deep in the throat) and surrounding area is infected and swollen. This can completely block the airway, which can cause death. If you suspect epiglottitis in someone, they need to be seen at the hospital immediately. Read more...
Always serious. Epiglottitis is always serious because of threat of sudden closure of airway. Patient should be in hospital with professional treatment and observation ususally in ICU. Intubation of airway is always possibility. Read more...

How can I prevent my child's acute epiglottitis from coming back?

Nothing other than.. Getting full doses of pneumococcal vaccines. Acute epiglottitis became a rare disease entity since universal vaccination against hemophilus influenzae type b was instituted in early 1990's. Sporadic cases of acute epiglottitis have been reported since then, which are caused by streptococcus pneumoniae or by group a strep. Read more...
Immunized? Make sure child was immunized for hemophilus influenza b. Other causes of epiglottitis can occur, but are much rarer. Chances of recurrent epiglottitis are small. Read more...

Acute epiglottitis? I was in hospital for a week with this what can I do so I will never have it again?

Rare in adults . Epiglottitis used to be mainly childhood disease from 3 to 6 yrs of age, caused by bacteria hemophilus influenza. Now children are vaccinated against this organism. In adults besides hemophilus, streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), , streptococcus a, b and c, viral, urticaria etc. The vaccine against hemphilus generally not given to adults but can be given in immune deficient individuals. Read more...
Thanks for asking! There is no real way to prevent it as an adult. Acute epiglottitis is a relatively rare condition, unlikely to recur. Read more...