2 doctors weighed in:
What are the side effects of total parenteral nutrition tpn?
2 doctors weighed in

Dr. Richard Mangus
Surgery - Transplant
In brief: Short and long term
There are both short and long term complications of tpn.
Short term complications include infections, and imbalance of electrolytes, fluid status and blood glucose levels. Long term TPN can result in loss of IV access and also liver injury and cirrhosis. If you remain on TPN for more than 2-3 months, you should be evaluated at an intestine failure center which may consider intestine transplant.

In brief: Short and long term
There are both short and long term complications of tpn.
Short term complications include infections, and imbalance of electrolytes, fluid status and blood glucose levels. Long term TPN can result in loss of IV access and also liver injury and cirrhosis. If you remain on TPN for more than 2-3 months, you should be evaluated at an intestine failure center which may consider intestine transplant.
Dr. Richard Mangus
Dr. Richard Mangus
Thank
Dr. Quresh Khairullah
Internal Medicine - Nephrology & Dialysis
In brief: See below
Besides blood steam infections metabolic derangements including hyperglycemia, serum electrolyte alterations, macro- or micro-nutrient excess or deficiency, refeeding syndrome wernicke's encephalopathy and hepatic dysfunction may occur and need close monitoring.

In brief: See below
Besides blood steam infections metabolic derangements including hyperglycemia, serum electrolyte alterations, macro- or micro-nutrient excess or deficiency, refeeding syndrome wernicke's encephalopathy and hepatic dysfunction may occur and need close monitoring.
Dr. Quresh Khairullah
Dr. Quresh Khairullah
Thank
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