Related Questions

How is anaplastic thyroid cancer ruled out? In particular distinguished from suspected papillary carcinoma? Is it possible confusion between the two?

It is a lethal tumor. Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid presents as a solitary lesion that is cold on scan. During work up the lesion usually remains stable and rarely unless watched for a long time, free of nodal disease. Anaplastic carcinoma is virulent and if watched or even set up for biopsy rapidly invades the strap muscles of the neck and then quickly spreads into the neck to become unresectable. Read more...
Biopsy,, Fine needle aspiration biopsy is what's done in order to determine whether or not anaplastic thyroid cancer is present. This has sheets of uniform looking cells with no differentiation while papillary thyroid cancer has distinct appearing nuclei called "orphan annie nuclei" from their similar appearance. Thyroglobulin is a good tumor marker for papillary thyroid cancer which has a good prognosis. Read more...
By tissue biopsy. Anaplastic thyroid ca (poorly differentiated) usually presents with a rapid enlarging neck mass. Papillary thyroid ca (well differentiated) usually presents with single or multiple thyroid nodules. Through tissue biopsy such as fine needle aspiration, pathologist should be able to distinguish between anaplastic and papillary thyroid ca relatively easily through morphology and molecular staining. Read more...
Anaplastic thyroid. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is suspected because of a rapidly growing thyroid mass. Usually patients present and it is obvious. You start with an fna but may need to do an open biopsy as part of a planned thyroid surgery and get a frozen section result or stop and defer to permanent pathology. The primary differential of this us lymphoma of the thyroid. Read more...

Can anaplastic thyroid cancer be found on ultrasound? Is the nodule or appaerance solid, cystic or both. Would the radiologist be able to tell?

Final diagnosis. Sonography can give clues but the ultimate diagnosis of cancer of the thyroid depends on the results of a biopsy. . Read more...
Tissue diagnosis. A diagnosis of anaplastic thyroid cancer would require removing part or whole of the lesion/nodule and examination by a pathologist. Radiology has not progressed enough in resolution to make this diagnosis. Read more...

What is the typical time someone lives with stage 4c thyroid cancer?

Difficult answer. Survival depends on many factors including the type of thyroid cancer, the degree of aggressiveness, the age and health of the patient, the response to treatment. Statistical studies show that about 50% of patients survive more than 5 years. Your doctor can better estimate based on the above factors. There are also new treatments available currently that will likely improve the survival rates. Read more...

How risky is it for someone with thyroid cancer to get sick with a cold?

It's not. Now, if a patient had the horrible anaplastic thyroid cancer, and was undergoing some active treatment, then, of course, any illness would be a detriment. Papillary or follicular thyroid cancers are well managed in most patients, and the common cold would not particularly affect the patient, any more than the general population. Good luck. Read more...

Can you please tell me the mean time someone lives with stage 4c thyroid cancer?

What type? Need to know what type of cancer, result of post ablation iodine scan and levels of thyroid tumor marker, your gender.Typical papillary and follicular cancers stage 4 will have a much better prognosis than hurthle cell, anaplastic, tall cell papillary, insular cell follicular cancers, etc. Read more...

Is it dangerous for someone with thyroid cancer to get sick with a cold?

No . Thyroid cancer generally does not affect immune system but if you are on certain medications such as immunosuppressants, then it's best that you check with your doctor. Read more...
Not usually. Unless there's something else going on, like immunosuppression or obstructed breathing, the run-of-the-mill, every day type of cold should not be life threatening to a patient with thyroid cancer. Read more...