VSD repair. Generally a vsd will be repaired by pediatric cardiothoracic surgeon.
See below. A cardiothoracic surgeon.
VSD. It depends on the severity is the best answer. If the defect is small often it is left to close on its own which may happen. However, if the defect is large then it may be closed sooner than later in order to prevent complications.
Repair the defect. The approach to and reasons for repair for a ds kid is the same as for any other. The projected lifespan of a ds child with proper medical care for their main problems is >60 years. With holding care from such a child would violate federal "baby doe" statutes and place the licenses of any personnel involved at risk. Child & family services of the involved state would also become involved.
A hole in the heart. A ventricular septal defect is one of the most common forms of congenital heart disease, and it consists of a hole in the muscular septum that separates the right and left ventricles (lower pumping chambers). The size and location of the hole determines whether or not surgery is necessary to fix the defect. In many instances, a vsd may spontaneously close without the need for an operation.
No u. Depending on the size, sometimes a vsd will close on its own. Other times a patch or surgery is required.
Varies. This is one of the more common congenital heart defects and many pediatricians recognize it by location and sound at birth or within a few days. As many as 1/2 will close on their own by a year of age. The bigger ones may produce no murmur early on and may require patching when they are old enough & big enough for the docs to consider the timing right.
Echocardiogram. Auscultation will reveal a murmur. Confirm diagnosis with an echo, ultrasound of heart.
Several tests.. There are several tests: physical exam, cxr, ekg, echocardiogram and catheterization. Really the best test is an echocardiogram (with a good physical exam); this should give all the necessary information about the vsd and help guide treatment. Vsds tend to close on their own over time but if they don't and cause symptoms, an operation may be required (usually with excellent outcomes).
VSD. A vsd is a hole between the bottom two pumping chambers of the heart. Symptoms are usually based on age and size. A young infant born with a large vsd can progressive to congestive heart failure. The right ventricle receives extra blood flow from the left and sends it to the lungs resulting in fluid overload. Some medications used are Lasix (furosemide) to manage medically as infant gains weight before surgery.