Irritable nerves. Commonest cause is bad diet, particlarly shugary "junk".
Myoclonus. Is a normal jerking right prior to sleep initiation, not to worry.
Twitches. Twitched can occur in stage of sleep called rapid eye movement stage, and can occur during dreaming while in that stage.
Sleep myoclonus. Small twitching or jerking of the limbs and body during sleep is a normal phenomenon. A larger jerk just as someone falls asleep is also quite normal. Twitching (myoclonus) is actually more likely to disturb the bed partner than the person affected. These movements can, at times, lead to broken enough sleep to cause daytime symptoms. Myoclonus can occur alone or be part of another illness.
NORMAL TO ABNORMAL. Nocturnal twitches can be normal when falling asleep and brief myoclonic jerks occur, but if these awaken one from sleep, these are abnormal. Usually tremors present when awake disappear at sleep, but fasciculatory muscle activity may persist, such as ALS activity. Typically during dreams, motion ceases, unless a rem disorder where violent movements may ensue. Restless leg is another disorder.
Sleep Twitches. Possible diagnoses include: 1. Restless legs syndrome: leg discomfort brought on by rest and temporarily relieved by movement. 2. Periodic limb movement disorder: repetitive jerking of legs during sleep. 3. Hypnic jerk (normal): muscle twitch occurring at sleep onset - sometimes associated with sensation of falling. Consult with a local sleep medicine specialist for further information.
Yes. That is rls.
No. Leg twitching in sleep is called periodic limb movement disorder. The condition is similar, but the patient has no recollection of the nighttime leg movements.
Make a recording. And bring it to his doctor, especially if he is overweight and the snoring is interrupted by gaps of silence.
Yes, sleep apnea. Have your friend check the epworth sleepiness scale http://www. Stanford. Edu/~dement/epworth. Html sleep tests can be performed in a sleep lab or with ambulatory sleep monitors which measure oxygen level, respiratory effort and nasal airflow. If airflow is decreased or is blocked by throat closure more than 5 times/hour, he has sleep apnea and can be treated with CPAP -continuous + airway pressure.
Probably does. Snoring and restless sleep are signs of sleep apnea. Your friend may want to visit his md and be evaluated. A sleep study may be recommended.