Related Questions

What is the likelihood of pregnancy for a young woman receiving breast cancer treatment?

Depends. on treatments , if receiving only local radiation ovulating woman can get pregnant , if receiving chemotherapy will not ovulate most of the time will be permanently sterile Speak to your doctor. Read more...

Can the mammography test discover the breast cancer even if the woman had a breast enlargement surgery (silicon)?

See below. It can still be used but it's predictability can be compromised, depending on the surgery. Read more...
Yes. Mammogram i still the best means to identify early breast cancer. A breast implant can make mammograms more difficult to interpret and likely will require special or additional mammogram views for the radiologist to see what they need to. Read more...
Yes. Yearly mammography should be obtained beginning at age 40 whether a woman has implants or not. The standard examination adds two additional images which "push back" the implants so that nearly all of the breast is imaged. I have detected many small breast cancers easily on mammograms which could then be biopsied by a needle without jeopardizing the implant. Read more...

36 year-old woman whose mother was diagnosed with breast cancer at age 34 and a PALB2 mutation wonders if mastectomy is needed to lower her risk.....?

You need testing. If your mother was a BRCA carrier then it is important that you get tested. Since you know that she has a PLAB2 mutation then your testing can even be more precise. If you are a carrier then see an experienced breast surgeon. They can calculate your lifetime risk as well as your 5 year risk to help you make your decisions regarding mastectomy and ovary removal. Read more...
You are doing fine. You are already under good supervision which includes proper genetic counseling in terms of future testing or any active intervention. Annual breast physical examination along with annual MRI of both breasts to screen for early breast cancer would be adequate in my view. I do not recommend risk reduction mastectomy except in folks with BRCA mutation. You should complete your family(have children, if desired, before the age of 40 years). Read more...
Higher risk but not like BRCA. I am glad that you are seeing a GC as this area is evolving rapidly. PALB2 is a high-risk mutation but its risk is dependent on your family history and age. Your risk of lifetime breast cancer will be significantly higher than the average population (estimated 30-35% versus 12%). This is less than BRCA which is as high as 60-80%. Thus, bilateral mastectomy is a choice and not as strongly rec for PALB2. Surveillance should follow high-risk guidelines including MRI. Read more...
Close supervision. www.Breastcancer.org http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1400382?query=featured_home& By age 50 y/o 14 % of women with PALB2 mutation will have been diagnosed with, not died of, breast cancer, by 70 y/o that number is 35 %. A 34 y/o today is 14 and 36 years, respectively, away from those targets. We will have better diagnostic tools and better treatment by then. No data exists, whether women with prophylactic mastectomy do better. Advice: Close observation with MRI (not mammogram: radiation) and ideally follow up at a cancer center that takes care of other women with PALB2 mutation. Read more...
Is an option. This is a complicated issue and personal choice. There should be a percentage risk that you'd develop cancer and that would help to direct you. If it's, say, 80%, I would seriously consider removal. The options really include bilateral mastectomy vs. close surveillance, which should include MRI of the breast, breast exams and mammograms on more frequent basis than yearly, which it seems you're doing now. Read more...
Woud Work. With a mutation and a family history of breast cancer, having a bilateral prophylactic mastectomy would definitely lower the risk. The big question is how much risk would it lower and is it NEEDED? The needed is a question you will have to answer after you have discussed it and all your risks with your surgeon. Definitely would decrease the risk, but without full history, hard to say is needed. Read more...
Breast cancer. . This a complex question that is more appropriate for a direct face to face discussion. There are a number options that are valid. But for starters you need to get tested. . Read more...
Stop all medications. sorry that you have unusual unknown forms of metabolic, immune genetic defect No-one knows too much of it you can only save yourself by cut out all the meds. " If u don't take, you don't die--then don't take" especially the nutritional supplements like vitamin E, omega3 etc and immune suppressants they feed cancer cells before feed regular cells must have very healthy life style and don't respond to stress, stay happy do breast self exam and MRI instead X-ray worthless good luck. Read more...
It depends. The genetic councilor should be able to tell the chance of you having breast cancer in the future based on your entire family tree and the exact type of mutation. It would probably be around 40-60%. Higher screening is an acceptable option if you can get it regularly enough and be aggressive as soon as it is found. It is a difficult decision to make. There is also, anti-hormonal therapy that would reduce your risk of breast cancer. I would make the decision based on your lifestyle an access to healthcare. If you can have adequate and reliable follow ups then may be do that. If you are too nervous about it, then have the mastectomy. It is a difficult decision to make and needs to be tailored to you personally. Read more...
No! Although the PALB2 mutation increases risk, preventive mastectomy is not recommended. There are other ways to decrease your risk including taking raloxifene or tamoxifen. See a medical oncologist to discuss this (and a genetic counselor! ) Read more...

What are the causes of breast cancer in younger women?

Usually genetic. In most young women (under age 40) causes of breast cancer are often due to cancer genes that are inherited from one's parents (hereditary syndromes). The most common and best understood genes are brca1 and brca2. There are others and likely several that have not yet been discovered. Read more...
Unknown. There are some increased breast cancer risks associated with obesity, hormone medication use, early age at first menstruation, late age at first childbirth, etc. Only about 15% of breast cancers occur because of genetic inheritance. See this site with more information: http://media.Komen.Org/breastcancer101tool/english/video-player.Html#kbc_01_01. Read more...

Breast cancer in young women under 30, what are the chances?

Generally low. Breast cancer is usually a disease of postmenopausal women so the chances of having cancer before 30 are low. That said, certain personal and family risk factors can increase the chances of cancer even in young women so i suggest you visit your doctor to discuss your current cancer risk and the potential need for early screenings or surveillance. Read more...

Is it rare for young women from 15 - 20 to develop breast cancer?

Yes. Breast cancer is very rare before the age of 30. There are families that have a hereditary breast cancer gene and cancer can occur at younger ages in these families. Read more...
Small but not zero. It would be rare to have breast cancer in a teenage female without a strong family histroy, but if there is a concern, bring it up to your primary care physician. It is recommended for women to get mammograms starting at age 35-40 or 10 years before any relative was diagnosed with breast cancer. Therefore, if your aunt got breast cancer at 40, you should start mammograms at 30. Ask your doctor. Read more...
< 1 in a Million. The incidence of breast cancer increases with age, occurring very rarely in one's 20's, sporadically in the 30's, and then increasing with each decade of life. An adolescent with a breast lump still requires physician evaluation, but a benign tumor called a fibroadenoma is far more likely. Read more...