What are the physiological effects of high/low blood glucose levels?

Multiple. Brain uses glucose as its sole source of energy and low blood glucose levels can cause changes in mental status, anxiousness, sweating, dizziness, fainting coma and death. Elevated glucose levels impair immune function, cause microvascular damage, leading to blindness, kidney, heart disease and stroke. Very high glucose levels may also cause coma.

Related Questions

What are some of the physiological effects of high / low blood glucose levels?

Many. High bs can lead to glucosuria (spelling of sugar in the urine) and on the long turn if persistent, enodothelial damage (inner wall of the blood vessels). Low bs on the other hand, can trigger a cascade of chemical reactions, namely ketone formation, elevated adrenaline, growth hormone, cortisol and sympathetic nervous system activation. Read more...

What is relation between gin and having low blood glucose levels?

Gin and blood sugar. Alcohol can cause low blood sugar shortly after and 8-12 hours after drinking. If you are going to drink, check your bs right before drinking and only drink if it's normal. It's a good idea to eat before or during drinking to prevent low bs. You should also check bs before bed to make sure you are not low going to bed. If low, eat something. Limit drinks to 1 for women, 2 for men.. Read more...

What is the connection between gin and having low blood glucose levels?

Alcohol. Gin is 45% or more alcohol, which causes your blood sugar to go up but then go down 4 to 6 hrs later! thatis a very well known effect of alcohol. Read more...
Interference. Reasons: in patients without diabetes it increases pancreatic Insulin release which can promote low blood sugar some hours after ingestion. In anyone it also interferes in the liver's ability to properly make glucose once it's storage glycogen is depleted. So several hours following alcohol, gluconeogenesis is impaired which causes low blood sugar once glycogen stores are depleted. Read more...

Can low blood glucose levels cause type 1 or 2 diabetes?

No. Low blood sugars are often seen in patients with both type of diabetes, but are the result of treatment of either and/or the result of the underlying high Insulin levels seen in type 2 patients. Read more...

How does the body respond to low blood glucose levels after exercising?

Low blood sugar.. Low blood sugar..Should not occur in normal people during exercise of normal intensity. After glycogen is used up, the body utilizes free fatty acids to be used directly as an energy source, or is\ converted to glucose by the liver by a process cvalled gluconeogenesis. Read more...

I'm just wondering, if you have really low blood glucose levels, can you get type 1 or 2 diabetes?

No. In my 35 years of practice, I have never seen a case of hypoglycemia. The disorder doesn't exist, if you're overweight the symptoms are a natural response to your glucose level returning to normal. A glucose tolerance test (if you've had one) is not and never will be a valid diagnostic test for hypoglycemia. Doesn't cause diabetes, but if overweight, you're already prone to type 2 dm. Read more...

Do you think I should eat more carbs before to avoid low blood glucose levels?

No. Protein and fat are metabolized slowly and turned into the necessary sugar your body needs. In contrast, starches and sugars (carbs) are absorbed quickly, releaqse insulin, which then will causes blood sugars to rapidly fall. Read more...