Live Kidney Donation. Live donor nephrectomy is a safe surgery when a healthy person undergoes the surgery by an experienced donor surgeon after completing a thorough donor evaluation. It is a surgery that requires general anesthesia and most donors get discharged from the hospital after 48 hours. The mortality associated with the surgery is 0.02-0.03%.
Excellent, however. In the process of helping someone, you need to be evaluated to be sure that you are disease free, or else you may need dialysis yourself, later on. Also, psychosocial eval is done by transplant centers to make sure the recipient is able to render adequate care to the precious kidney in order to realize a 20 years longevity or near, which is on the average 5 years more than cadaveric (bank) kidneys.
Generally safe. Assuming that you are in excellent health, long-term studies have demonstrated the safety of living donation. As with all surgical procedures, there is always risk involved with the donor surgery including bleeding, infection, pain and even death (estimated o.O3%). Past living donors have an estimated life expectancy equal to the normal population and are not at increased risk of kidney disease.
Pretty Safe. Nationally, patients have greater than 95 percent chance of maintaining a kidney transplant through the first year without issue. Additionally, most kidney transplants last 12-15 years when properly managed with the patient and their doctor. Kidney donation is safe for both the donor and especially the recipient.
See below. About 1-2 hours. There is a laparoscopic proceedure available with only a small incision in the abdomen.
2.5 to 4 hours. There is some variability, but the surgery can last from 2.5 to 4 hours. The procedure can be done laparoscopically or via a larger incision (open donor nephrectomy). The recovery time for a laparoscopic donation is usually shorter than the open donor nephrectomy.
Depends. You can live with only one kidney and if the person you are donating to is important to you then I feel it is okay. You need to be healthy and minimal risk factors.
Depends. Just because one wants to be a living donor, it does not mean that your surgeon will agree to perform the donor surgery. The decision to be a living donor needs to be made after completing a thorough donor evaluation. If you have risk factors for chronic kidney disease such as hypertension, diabetes, or family history of CKD or renal failure, you should have a good discussion with your MDs.
Very safe if healthy. Live kidney donation has been utilzed for over 50 years to treat patients with kidney failure. Long-term studies have shown no detriment in terms of longevity to the donor assuming that the donor is healthy at time of donation. This is whypotential donors have to undergo extensive evaulation prior to donation. Some studies have indicated an increased risk of hypertension in past kidney donors.