Did the infantile spasm cause cerebral atrophy or the other way around?

Both. Infantile spasm (west syndrome) has many causes. One cause of infantile spasm is cerebral atrophy. I imagine that the other causes of infantile spasm will also be associated with cerebral atrophy as a secondary effect.

Related Questions

Does infantile spasm cause cerebral atrophy or it is the opposite way?

Both. Infantile spasm (west syndrome) has many causes. One cause of infantile spasm is cerebral atrophy. I imagine that the other causes of infantile spasm will also be associated with cerebral atrophy as a secondary effect. Read more...