3 doctors weighed in:

What reflex is independent of the central nervous system (CNS)?

3 doctors weighed in
2 doctors agree

In brief: More than I can list

With which organ system outside the BRAIN & SPINAL cord do you wish to start? What's the clinical context of the question so I can better understand the purpose of the question.
This forum is basically for questions of a general clinical nature and what you ask seems to be for more academic purposes.

In brief: More than I can list

With which organ system outside the BRAIN & SPINAL cord do you wish to start? What's the clinical context of the question so I can better understand the purpose of the question.
This forum is basically for questions of a general clinical nature and what you ask seems to be for more academic purposes.
Dr. Dariush Saghafi
Dr. Dariush Saghafi
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