What is the treatment for pneumocystis pneumonia?

Support and meds. Pcp pneumonia is treated like other pneumonia, specifically support including oxygen or mechanical ventilation if needed. Antibiotics specifically targeting pcp for example bactrim (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim). In pcp pneumonia that is associated with HIV disease, steroids for their antiinflammatory effect are also helpful.

Related Questions

How hard is it to diagnose pneumocystis pneumonia in us?

Not very. It occurs almost entirely in immune suppressed individuals. It is generally an interstitial pneumonia which is slowly progressive, presenting as increasing shortness of breath over a period of weeks. Diagnostic stains on coughed sputum often reveal the organism, or therapeutic intervention because it is expected achieves satisfactory response, will allow a presumptive diagnosis. Read more...
Not hard. Pneumocystis can be readily diagnosed via a number of lab techniques on a sputum specimen. This is includes a test called direct fluorescence antibody test when the sputum is exposed to an antibody (protein) that can stick to the pcp fungus, or by observing the fungus under the microscope via other special stains. All this requires and adequate specimen often obtained with bronchoscopy, . Read more...

What is the definition or description of: pneumocystis pneumonia?

Infection of lung. An organism called pneumocystis carini (now jirovechi) can cause infection of the lung, esp in the immunocompromised hosts and can cause profound hypoxemia, but is easily treated with good old septran. Read more...
From a certain germ. Pneumonia can be caused by several different types of germs when they get into the lungs. The body usually fights them as a "foreign invader". Some germs are very common, living in our mouths or on our skin and rarely causing an infection. Others are always dangerous. Pneumocystis is a partcular germ that is around us a lot, but causes infection only if the body's immune defenses aren't working. Read more...

What medical conditions other than aids predisposes an individual to pneumocystis pneumonia?

Immune deficiency. Any condition affecting the portion of the immune system mediated by helper lymphocytes may render susceptibility to pneumocystis. Patients with lymphomas, some leukemias, etc., are at risk when their diseases are out of control. Read more...
Several. In general this infection is associated with damage to the part of the immune system controlled by a kind of white blood cell, called a t lymphocyte. This can be seen with prolonged use of high dose steroids medicines, or in blood cancers like leukemia. Lymphoma, and after organ transplants because of the needed suppression of the immune system to prevent organ rejection. Read more...

How can a person go a long without treatment, then all of a sudden get pneumocystis carinii pneumonia thrush and be in critical condition?

Frequent. This is the way aids patients who have had HIV infection for a prolonged time without treatment and have very low cd4 lymphocyte counts frequently present to the hospital. Read more...
Thrush. If a person has a problem develop with their immune system then they can suddenly develop pneumocystis pneumonia, thrush and become critically ill. Read more...
HIV. If you have been off antiretroviral medications it is likely that your cd4 counts are below 200. The rate at which this will occur depends upon the counts at the time at which you stopped your meds, and other factors. You need to be back on medication after a review of drug resistance patterns and adhere to physician instructions. Stopping meds is a form of suicide. Good luck and get better soon. Read more...