What are the tests for bone metastases?

X-ray,bone scan. Sometimes bone metastases (bone mets) are found before they have a chance to cause any symptoms. When you are found to have cancer, your doctor may order tests (like x-rays or bone scans) to see how far the cancer has spread. This may be done before, during, and after treatment. In other cases, a symptom such as bone pain may be the first sign of bone mets.

Related Questions

Does the doctor need to do to tests to be sure if the diagnosis is bone metastases?

Usually. Bone metastases are where cancer from one site (breast, prostate, lung) spreads through the blood and begins to grow in the bone. This can have a characteristic appearance on scans. The way to prove it is cancer is to take a biopsy. However, if cancer has already been diagnosed, bone metastases can be diagnosed by a characteristic bone scan or other radiographic test. Read more...
Sometimes. In many cases, it is not necessary because there is established progressed cancer and this is another manifestation, but if there is one lesion, no prior record of metastasis, it is quite reasonable to biopsy to prove metastasis. Read more...

What does bone metastases cause?

Pain etc. Bony mets can cause bony pain ( depending on the location), fractures, spinal cord compression resulting in significant nerve deficits on extremities/weakness/can develop paralysis etc, suppresion to the blood counts if cancer also involves the bone marrow etc. Read more...

Is it true not all bone metastases give you pain?

True. Bone mets can be painful but aren't always. Bone mets can lead to sre -- skeletal related events -- such as pain, fractures, or need for radation/surgery. Bone mets can be treated with bisphosphonate (zometa) or Denosumab (xgeva) as well as with radiation therapy or systemic (eg chemo) therapy. Read more...
Yes. not always. Not all bony metastases give you pain- depending on the size and the location. When it gets bigger, pain will manifest and there is significant risk for bone fracture. Therapy for bony metastases wll include- chemotherapy for that particular cancer; palliative radiation to reduce pain/symptoms, some times surgery can be done ( very selected case); and bisphosphonates such as zometa or x-geva. Read more...

I'm curious. What symptoms go along with bone metastases?

Variable. From asymptomatic to symptomatic. Bone metastases can cause a wide range of symptoms that can impair the quality of life or shorten survival. Direct complications of bone involvement include severe pain, pathologic fractures, and epidural spinal cord compression hypercalcemia is also common related to bone mets-presented with increase serum calcium, mental status change, dehydration, etc. Read more...
From pain to... Increased serum calcium causing constipation, drowsiness/somnolence, . To an unexplained fracture. Certain diseases (prostate, breast, lung) very commonly develop bony metastases, . Read more...

What is the definition or description of: Bone metastases?

Dissemination/spread. of a cancer from its site of origin to a bone or multiple bones. This usually occurs due to cancer cells seeding distant locations via the bloodstream. Read more...

How long can you live if you have multiple bone metastases?

Depends. It depends on the underlying cancer, progression vs. Response to therapy, age, performance status, and other issues. Bone mets can be treated with bisphosphonate (zometa) or Denosumab (xgeva). Read more...

I've heard different things. What exactly is bone metastases?

Bone mets. Bone metastases is spreading cancer to the bone-from a primary cancer that is located outside the bone. Cancers like breast ca, lung cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid cancer , kidney cancer spread to the bone commonly. Read more...
Bone cancer. When a cancer spreads to a bone or many bones, it is called bone metastasis. For example a lung cancer or breast cancer that has spread to the bones of your spine. Usually the cancer cells escape the original site by entering the bloodstream and are then deposited into the bones. Read more...
Like termites, Abnormal cells destroy bone integrity after traveling from the cancer by the blood stream to a new place. When they grow, they can cause bones to collapse, leading to pain and fracture, or expand causing pain. In many tumors, this is characteristic (prostate, myeloma), treatment can be chemical, radiotherapy, and surgery. Read more...

Are there any cases of bone metastases which are not painful?

Yes. If the bone metastasis is not eating through the bone or causing fracture, it may not be painful. There are patients with painless bone metastasis. Read more...

Does X-ray detect bone metastases?

Not great. X-RAYs are relatively insensitive in the detection of early or small metastatic lesions. Although CT scans are superior, CT scanning is relatively insensitive in showing small lesions, and it has the disadvantage of limited skeletal coverage. Bone scans are very sensitive (they'll pick up everything) but nonspecific (could be just arthritis). MRI and PET scanning are accurate but very expensive. Read more...
X-ray of a bone can. show a lucent area or lucency that shows when 30-40% of the calcium in a bone area is washed out or lost. One cause of a lucent region or area is metastases. Other ways to investigate this is via a bone scan which shows bone turnover. An MRI will detect changes in the water composiotn in an area sn may show a metastatic lesson as well. X-ray can miss OR overcall one. IT is just one test used. Read more...