Biopsy is crucial. Larynx cancer is diagnosed after visual look by a procedure called laryngoscopy by an ENT doctor followed by a tumor biopsy to confirm diagnosis. Also ct, MRI or pet scan are often done.
Very rare but yes. It can happen, most often in people with long term reflux that ends up in the throat or in rare cases of people with a viral disease called laryngeal pappilomatosis.
Yes. Laryngeal cancer has a much higher incidence in smoker/alcohol drinkers. Though a non-smoker can get laryngeal cancer it is less common. Often the non-smokers with head and neck cancer often are hpv positive.
Yes but rare. The most common larynx cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. This is almost always related to tobacco use. Non smokers can get it, but it is rare. There are also other rare types of cancer that occur in the larynx that are not tobacco related.
Rarely but.... not as rare as we thought it was now due to the rising EPIDEMIC of HPV induced cancers...although these area mostly oral and base of tongue and oropharyngeally.... but if you don't smoke (and don't smoke and drink) and all your friends and family don't....you'll hopefully put us out of this part of our business.
Hoarseness +. If the cancer affects the vocal cords, change in voice quality may be an early symptoms. Cancer in other parts of the larynx may not produce symptoms in early stages and may become obvious only once it has spread to the local lymph nodes. Other symptoms may include pain the throat, difficulty in swallowing, cough, sensation of choking etc.
Very rare. Laryngeal cancer usually occurs in older men who smoke and drink. If it occurs in a men under 25, it usually is a rare form of cancer.
1% About two out of every thousand smokers gets larynx cancer every year. Assuming am averahe smoking lifetime of 50 years, about 1% of smokers well get larynx cancer in their lifetimes. How, more will get cancer of nearby organs, (hypopharynx, oropharynx, nasopharynx, trachea, cervical esophagus, oral cavity and, of course, lung). The risk of smoking should not be underestimated.
Cancer. Cancer of the larynx.
Unfortunately No. Stage IV cancer, by definition has spread to other organs and cannot be cured.
Stage IV. Contrary to other cancers, stage IV head and neck tumors are not always spread. Stage iva means a very advanced but localized cancer, stage ivb has lots of neck nodes, and stage ivc means distant spread. The last one would be considered incurable while the other 2 have a fighting chance (although I would say the odds are not great). If this is about you or a loved one, best to you.
Depends how stage 4. Laryngeal cancer can be stage 4 in a few different ways. If it is stage 4 because of being locally advanced, or because it involves lymph nodes--then, there is a chance. If it is stage 4 because it has spread to the lungs, then it is extremely unlikely that it will be cured. Even when it has spread to the lungs, it doesn't mean that there is nothing we can do, however.
Larynx, also called. The voice box, comprises true vocal cords (the glottis), a short subglottis before the trachea and a supraglottis up to the epi-glottis and its functional parts. Treat ranges from laryngectomy (surgery), to radiotherapy alone for glottic, or chemoradiotherapy for supraglottic disease. It is highly curable in most stages.
Options. There are many options for laryngeal cancer. There are surgical options that range from minimally invasive to maximally invasive. Radiation therapy +/- chemotherapy is also an option.
Depends on stage. Very early laryngeal cancers can be treated with surgery or radiation alone. In advanced stages, surgery with radiation after (+/- chemo) or chemo +radiation upfront are options. The treatment choice depends on several factors such as the stage, anatomy, and patient choice. Your doctor can help you navigate through the various options.
It is variable. The best person to answer that question is the patients doctor.
Depends on: Survival depends on several factors including how advanced it is (stage), age of patient, other medical problems, and how experienced the hospital is in treating head and neck cancers.
Inflammation vs. Cancer. Laryngitis is inflammation of the voice, usually viral and it causes hoarseness and usually resolves. Laryngeal cancer is usually due to smoking and if not treated in the early stages can cause death. Consult these sites for details. Http://www. Mayoclinic. Com/health/laryngitis/ds00366 http://www. Cancer. Gov/cancertopics/wyntk/larynx.