Unipolar Depression. Also there are depression scales to test for depression, such as the hamilton test & the zung depression scale. Your psychiatrist can provide you with those.
Depression screens. Depression screens include: Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9), Beck Depression Inventory, SALSA, SIG E CAPS, CES Depression Scale & Montgomery - Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS).
Depression. "unipolar" depression is in contrast to "bipolar" depression. In unipolar depression, there is no history of mania (periods of speeded-up thinking & talking; high energy & not needing to sleep; expansive feelings & behavior; etc). The person suffers only from depressions -- which may be recurrent -- rather than swinging from depressive "pole" to manic "pole" throughout life.
Agree w Dr. Pappas. Bipolar depression includes periods with low mood and energy as well as periods with elevated energy level & mood. Unipolar depression does not include periods of heightened mood or energy level.
See below. Depression without mania can be referred sometimes as 'unipolar depression' (one pole, one mood).
Unipolar Depression. Occurs in the absence of episode of mania or hypomania. Depression Sx’s may include *sad/angry/irritable mood, *low energy level, *lack of motivation, * absence of joy, * feeling helpless or hopeless, * feeling guilty, * low self-esteem, problems with memory, concentration or decision making, crying spells, suicidal thoughts, isolation from others, problems with job performance. Etc.
Depression. Depressed mood, lack of interest, excessive guilt, sleep disturbance, appetite issues, poor attention span and concentration, lack of energy and suicidal thinking. If you have most of these symptoms for more than two to four weeks, you should talk to some one.
The following. Derpessed or irritable mood, loss of interest, change in sleep habit and appetite, decrease energy, worthlessness/ excessive guilt, decrease concentration, and suicidal thoughts.
Unipolar depression. Check out the depression and bipolar support alliance website dbsa. Org for information on your question.
SSRI. I always try to start with meds that have very well known effectiveness, low side effects, low cost, no habituation risk and once a day dosing. These include : prozac, zoloft, paxil, (paroxetine) celexa, lexapro, and many others. Please discuss with your dr what might be best for you.
Multiple treatments. Medication, traditional psychotherapy, and cognitive therapy are proven treatments for depression. Sometimes they work best in combination. Talk with your doctor about your symptoms and treatment preferences to decide which is best for you.
Depression. Treatment option include medications (antidepressants, atypical antipsychotics & mood stabilizers), microcurrent electrical therapy (MET) /cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, exercise, healthy nutrition, acupuncture, etc.
MANY. There are many possibilities of treatment for depression. The categories of medications are; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: prozac celexa zoloft lexapro luvox paxil serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors: cymbalta pristiq effexor wellbutrin viibryd tri-cyclic antidepressants: elavil pamelor imipramine etc so lots of different options so just speak to your physician.
No one best med. Depression may be treated with different classes of antidepressants (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin-norepineprhine reuptake inhibitors, mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotics & bupropion. Tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are often used off- label for other conditions (but can still be used for depression).
Overlapping terms. "chronic depression" simply means the depression has be persistently present for a long time, typically years or longer. "unipolar depression" means that the person only has depression, as opposed to bipolar affective disorder, where both depression & mania occur. The formal terminology is major depression, with various modifiers that describe severity, duration, & persistence, etc..
Chronic depression. Has to do with long duration. Where are unipolar depression has to do with episode (s) of depression which do not include episodes of mania or hypomania.
By symptom. Bipolar depression (bpd) cycles with mania (aggressiveness, grandiosity, insomnia, hypersexulaity, impulsivity) & is very frequently comorbid with anxiety. Unipolar depression is another name for medical depressive disorder (mdd). Bipolar-ii is like bpd, but it cycles from really depressed to less severely depressed, has no mania or hypomania, & is also called treatment resistant depression.
Mood Swings. By definition bipolar disorder requires the presence of either cycles of alternating mood or severe and debilitating mood swings. In unipolar depression the concern only has to do with depression.
Some physician. Can have difficulty in making the diagnoses, therefore during my I have experienced numerous patients they were placed on multiple antidepressant, three benzodiazepine and Ritalin (methylphenidate), and when I saw them I gave them bipolar affective d/o diagnoses, and when they were placed on mood stabilizer they became better.
Use MDQ. By using this method u will be unlikely to misdiagnose bipolar affective d/o.
Bipolar. If in depressed phase, history of mania/hypomania points toward bipolar. Also prior response to meds.
Can be subtle... Doctors have correctly explained that bipolar has two poles--depression and mania (or hypomania), unipolar one. The subtlety is that the poles don't necessarily alternate. One may have 1, 2, . ..Episodes of depression that look unipolar. Then a manic episode appears and looking back, those "uniplolar" episodes were really bipolar depressions. These require different treatment than unipolar.
Can you have bipolar disorder (manic depression), then gradually become more and more depressed, until it just becomes unipolar (depression)?
That is not quite. How it works. A person with bipolar disorder has periods of markedly ^ energy, ^ impulsivity, elated or irritable mood as well as separate periods of low mood & energy. (a mixed state is also possible).However, I have seen bipolar individuals who over the years, developed one long, chronic depressive episode. Their manic or hypomanic episodes can sort of die out over time. But it is still >>.