Evaluation. Evaluation includes the observation of the episodes by nurses and physicians, an electroencephalogram (EEG), and neuroimaging (head ultrasound, MRI). there are tests of blood chemistries, blood tests and lumbar puncture to determine if an infection is causing the seizures.
Electroencephalogram. And serum chemistries to include calcium, magnesium, sodium, and sugar levels.
Workup/Management. The workup and management of neonatal seizures includes a head ultrasound, EEG, metabolic panel, sepsis screening and cardio-pulmonary monitoring. The treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include supplemental oxygen, correcting metabolic disturbances, and treatment of infections.
See below. Partial seizure episodes, rhythmic movement of arms or legs. They do not get generalized seizures.
Neonatal seizures. Seizures or convulsions that occurs in infants under one month of age. The most common cause of neonatal seizures is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy or HIE. HIE is a brain injury that occurs with a lack of oxygen. Neonatal seizures can be focal, limited to one part of the body, or generalized, occur on entire body.