Related Questions

Why coarctation of aorta gets worsen with vsd?

Pulmonary flow. Because vsd causes increased pulmonary flow, pulmonary hypertension and congestive heart failure so it is an added burden in coarctation of aorta, as saturated blood goes to rv and pa.
More info. A vsd doesn't worsen coarctation. They are 2 heart defects that can be seen together with some frequency, but the vsd doesn't make the other worse.

What chromosome abnormalities are accompanied by coarctation of aorta?

See below: Doctors don't know for sure why certain people are born with coarctaton of the aorta (coa). Coa is fairly common in girls born with turner syndrome, a genetic disorder in which one of a girl's two x chromosomes is incomplete or missing.
Turner syndrome. Turner syndrome (45 xo) is the most common chromosomal problem seen in association with coarctation of the aorta.

Can coarctation of aorta cause cyanosis? Is cyanosis due to hypoxia?

Not in isolation. Coarctation only causes cyanosis when it is associated with other heart disease that allows blue blood to cross over to the red blood side. Cyanosis occurs in two situations: 1. When blue blood gets to the red blood side ("right-to-left shunting) or 2. When blood is not fully oxygenated in the lungs ("pulmonary venous desaturation").

Why doesn't coarctation of aorta affect the 1st and 2nd intercostal arteries?

Coarctation of aorta. Coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta, so if the narrowing is below the 1st or 2nd intercostal artery then likely those arteries would not be affected. Also there is a good collateral circulation along the spinal cord which helps to protect the circulation.

How effective are spider vein treatments? What is the average cost? I have had vsd and coarctation of aorta repair as a baby as well.

Spider vein therapy. Are the spider veins on you face or legs? Average cost depends on are and modality of treatment, i.e. Sclerotherapy or laser treatment. I recommend that you have a consult with a few providers to discuss your best options. Good luck!
Very effective. For small veins sclerotherapy works well. Laser surgery is another option, but the chosen treatment will depend on the size of the vein, the location, and the preference of the treating physician. The cost varies with the type of procedure, the number of veins and the number of treatments. It can vary between a few hundred to a few thousand dollars.

I have had vsd repair and coarctation of aorta am I more susceptible for heart attack. Warning signs? How to tell if its a heart attack or anxiety?

Watch BP/arrhythmia. Correction of coarctation of the aorta can still leave patients at risk for hypertension and/or arrhythmia. Vsd repair patients can also be at risk for arrhythmias later. Slow heart rates that might require pacemakers as well as fast heart rates (ventricular or supra ventricular) might develop.
Minor risk. Good news! As long as you've had an adequate repair of both, edison's you are no more prone to getting a heart attack than anyone in the general public. You may have an anxiety problem.
Possibly. Patients with coarctation are, unfortunately, at greater risk of coronary artery disease. The reason is not well understood, but there is good evidence to support this. Please discuss the warning signs with your doctor; but they include severe chest pain, palpitations, arm pain, sweating, fainting, difficulty breathing. Please seek medical attention immediately if you are concerned.

Why coarctation of aorta in infantile, cause passes of the blood from pulmonary artery to the aorta through pda?

Other. Blood flows from higher pressure to lower pressure. Aorta higher, pa lower usually. Coarctation distal to PDA cause higher aortic pressure spikes with obstruction and higher pa flow from aorta to pa through the pda-patent ductus arteriosus.
Coarctation. The narrowed aorta causes a lower pressure beyond the narrowing which allows flow from the PDA into the aorta.
Ductal dependence. Coarctation is usually associated with a small ao arch and/or aortic stenosis. If this is the case, the only way blood can get to the body (or systemic circulation) is thru the pda. The PDA is often associated with the coarctation and the narrowing may worsen as the PDA closes. This is why the coarctation may be "ductal dependent".
Plumbing! Blood must get to the body, else the fetus would not survive. The same is true once the baby is born. In utero, blood flows from pulm artery (pa) to aorta (ao) normally. Once born, the blood continues to flow this way so that blood can get to the body. When the PDA closes, the child becomes very sick.